Metaxytherium crataegense Simpson 1932 (dugong)

Mammalia - Sirenia - Dugongidae

Alternative combinations: Hesperosiren crataegense, Hesperosiren crataegensis

Synonym: Metaxytherium calvertense Kellogg 1966

Full reference: G. G. Simpson. 1932. Fossil Sirenia of Florida and the evolution of the Sirenia. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 59(8):419-503

Belongs to Metaxytherium according to D. P. Domning 2008

See also Aranda-Manteca et al. 1994, de Muizon and Domning 1985, Domning 1994, Domning 1996, Domning 2018, Fondi and Pacini 1974, Hastings and Dooley 2017, Kellogg 1966, Reinhart 1976, Sherman 1952 and Simpson 1932

Sister taxa: Felsinotherium gunteri, Metaxytherium albifontanum, Metaxytherium aquitaniae, Metaxytherium arctodites, Metaxytherium beaumontii, Metaxytherium floridanum, Metaxytherium krahuletzi, Metaxytherium lovisati, Metaxytherium medium, Metaxytherium meyeri, Metaxytherium riveroi, Metaxytherium serresii, Metaxytherium subapenninum

Type specimens:

  • Metaxytherium crataegense: AMNH 26838, a partial skeleton. Its type locality is Florindin Company Mine, which is in a Hemingfordian/Barstovian marine horizon in the Torreya Formation of Florida.
  • Metaxytherium calvertense: USNM 16757, a partial skeleton. Its type locality is Plum Point, south, Zone 10, which is in a Burdigalian estuary/bay sandstone in the Calvert Formation of Maryland.

Ecology: aquatic herbivore


• Miocene of United States (6: Florida, Virginia collections)

• Oligocene of United States (1: Florida)

Total: 7 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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