Orcinus orca Linnaeus 1758 (orca)

Mammalia - Cetacea - Delphinidae

Alternative combinations: Delphinus orca, Grampus orca, Phocaena orca

Synonyms: Delphinus duhameli Lacépède 1804, Delphinus gladiator Bonnaterre 1789, Orca (Gladiator) capensis Gray 1846, Orca (Gladiator) latirostris Gray 1870, Orca (Gladiator) magellanica Burmeister 1866, Orca (Gladiator) stenorhyncha Gray 1870, Orca (Ophysia) capensis Gray 1846, Orca (Ophysia) pacifica Gray 1870, Orca ater Scammon and Cope 1869, Orca capensis Gray 1846, Orca gladiator Bonnaterre 1789, Orca magellanica Burmeister 1866, Orca rectipinna Scammon and Cope 1869, Orcinus glacialis Berzin and Vladimirov 1983, Orcinus nanus Mikhalev and Ivashin 1981, Orcinus orca capensis Gray 1846, Orcinus orca magellanica Burmeister 1866, Orcinus rectipinna Scammon and Cope 1869

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Orcinus according to J. H. Geisler et al. 2011

See also Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Ameghino 1889, Barnes 1977, De Kay 1842, Fischer 1829, Gervais 1852, Gray 1846, Gray 1846, Gray 1850, Gray 1864, Gray 1866, Gray 1868, Gray 1870, Hershkovitz 1966, Lacépède 1804, Mead and Brownell 2005, Moreno 1888, Newton 1891, Nilsson 1847, Oliver 1922, Perrin et al. 2013, Rice 1998, Scammon and Cope 1869, Scheffer and Rice 1963, Sherman 1952, Thomas 1911, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Turner 1912 and Vidal 1991

Sister taxa: Orcinus citoniensis, Orcinus meyeri, Orcinus paleorca

Subtaxa: Orcinus orca eschrichti Orcinus orca pacifica

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Type specimens:

  • Orcinus orca: 1
  • Delphinus duhameli:
  • Delphinus gladiator:
  • Orca (Gladiator) latirostris: BM 361a, a skull.
  • Orca (Gladiator) stenorhyncha: BM 361b-46.8.73 and 361c.
  • Orca (Ophysia) pacifica:
  • Orca ater:
  • Orca capensis:
  • Orca gladiator:
  • Orca magellanica:
  • Orca rectipinna:
  • Orcinus glacialis:
  • Orcinus nanus:

Ecology: aquatic piscivore-carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (2 collections), Brazil (1), Chile (1), Denmark (5), Greenland (1), India (1), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (2), Mexico (2), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (1), South Africa (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Tanzania (1), United States (2: Alaska, Florida)

• Pliocene of Japan (1)

Total: 26 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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