Carcharias Rafinesque 1810 (sand shark)

Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Odontaspididae

Alternative spelling: Squalus (Carcharias)

Synonym: Eugomphodus Gill 1862

Parent taxon: Odontaspididae according to L. V. Compagno 2005

See also Agassiz 1835, Alessandri 1896, Antunes and Balbino 2003, Biddle 1993, Bohm 1926, Cantalice et al. 2019, Cappetta and Nolf 2005, Case 1981, Chapman and Cudmore 1924, Chapman and Pritchard 1904, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Cvancara and Hoganson 1993, David 1943, Donovan and Gunter 2001, Eastman 1904, Eastman 1908, Hastings and Dooley 2017, Hay 1902, Jordan 1963, Jordan and Gilbert 1919, Jordan and Hanibal 1923, Kent 2018, Landini et al. 2019, Long 1992, Long and Stilwell 2000, Marsili et al. 2007, Miller 1967, Mors et al. 2000, Nagao 1928, Purdy et al. 2001, Shimada 1997, Siverson 1997, Szabo et al. 2017, Tabuce et al. 2005, Vicens and Rodríguez-Perea 2003, Woodward 1889 and Yabe and Hirayama 1998

Sister taxa: Araloselachus, Brachycarcharias, Carcharoides, Cenocarcharias, Eostriatolamia, Glueckmanotodus, Hypotodus, Lamninae, Odontaspinae, Odontaspis, Orpodon, Palaeohypotodus, Pseudodontaspis, Striatolamia, Sylvestrilamia

Subtaxa: Carcharias (Odontaspis) Carcharias acutissima Carcharias acutus Carcharias clavata Carcharias clavatus Carcharias collata Carcharias eocaenus Carcharias gibbesii Carcharias gustrowensis Carcharias lomitae Carcharias melanopterus Carcharias ornatus Carcharias reticulata Carcharias sanctaecrucis Carcharias striatula Carcharias taurus Carcharias tenuis Carcharias victoriae Carcharias virgatulus

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Brazil (1 collection), France (1), United States (9: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Australia (1), Chile (1), Libya (1), the Netherlands (1), South Africa (1), Spain (4), United States (2: California, North Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Japan (1), Panama (1), South Africa (1)

• Neogene of South Pacific (1), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Australia (6), Austria (6), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (2), France (9), Germany (7), Grenada (1), India (2), Italy (1), Japan (1), Malta (5), the Netherlands (1), Peru (2), Poland (1), Portugal (3), Slovakia (3), Spain (1), United States (11: California, Florida, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (1), Peru (1)

• Oligocene of Australia (4), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (2), Hungary (1), Kazakhstan (1), Ukraine (1), United States (2: North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (3), Canada (1: Northwest Territories), Chile (1), Egypt (14), Germany (1), Jamaica (1), Jordan (2), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Senegal (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (8: Arkansas, Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia), Uzbekistan (1), Western Sahara (3)

• Paleocene of Kazakhstan (1), Morocco (1), New Zealand (6), Sweden (2), United States (5: Arkansas, California, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina)

• Cretaceous of Australia (1), Canada (3: Alberta, Saskatchewan), Chile (2), the Czech Republic (2), France (5), Jordan (1), Kazakhstan (1), Libya (1), Madagascar (1), Mexico (1), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Sweden (5), Syria (6), Ukraine (1), United States (12: Colorado, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, Texas)

Total: 215 collections including 273 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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