Prosqualodon australis Lydekker 1894 (toothed whale)

Mammalia - Cetacea

Alternative combination: Prosqualodon australe

Synonym: Proinia patagonica True 1909

Full reference: R. Lydekker. 1894. Cetacean skulls from Patagonia. Anales del Museo de la Plata II:1-13

Belongs to Prosqualodon according to C. M. Gaetán et al. 2019

See also Abel 1914, Ameghino 1901, Cozzuol 2010, de Muizon 1988, Fordyce 1981, Kellogg 1923, Kellogg 1942, Lydekker 1894, Sanders et al. 1982, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, True 1909 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxon: Prosqualodon davidis

Type specimens:

  • Prosqualodon australis: MLP 5-9, a skull. Its type locality is Cerro del Castillo, Trelew, which is in an Aquitanian/Burdigalian shallow subtidal sandstone in the Gaiman Formation of Argentina.
  • Proinia patagonica: YPM-PU 15459, a partial skull. Its type locality is Darwin Station, which is in a Miocene marine horizon in the Monte Leon Formation of Argentina.

Ecology: aquatic carnivore

Distribution:

• Miocene of Argentina (2 collections), Venezuela (1)

Total: 3 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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