Subfamily Rhinocerotinae Gray 1821 (rhinoceros)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15:296-310

Parent taxon: Rhinocerotidae according to M. Böhme et al. 2013

See also Antoine et al. 2000, Antoine and Saraç 2005, Antoine and Welcomme 2000, Deng 2003, Hay 1902, Kaya and Heissig 2001, Prothero and Schoch 1989 and Symeonidis et al. 2006

Sister taxa: Aceratheriinae, Aceratheriini, Amphicaenopus, Anchisodon tubifer, Atelodus, Diceratheriinae, Dicerorhininae, Forstercooperia crudus, Gigantamynodon akespensis, Gulfoceras, Huangotherium, Iranotheriinae, Menoceratinae, Penetrigonias, Rhinoceros crassus, Rhinoceros oregonensis, Subhyracodon, Teleoceratinae, Teletaceras, Trigonias, Uintaceras, Woodoceras, Zalabis

Subtaxa: Dicerorhinini Elasmotheriini Epiaceratherium Molassitherium Rhinocerotini

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Type: Rhinoceros

Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (2 collections), Austria (1), Belgium (4), China (25), Croatia (2), the Czech Republic (3), Djibouti (1), Egypt (2), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (40), France (29), Georgia (3), Germany (26), Greece (15), Hungary (6), Indonesia (3), Israel (3), Italy (26), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (30), Libya (2), Monaco (3), Mongolia (1), Morocco (7), Myanmar (1), the Netherlands (4), Pakistan (3), the Philippines (1), Romania (7), the Russian Federation (7), Slovakia (1), South Africa (18), Spain (20), Sri Lanka (1), Syria (1), Taiwan (1), Tanzania (21), Turkey (1), Turkmenistan (3), the United Kingdom (20), Vietnam (4)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Ethiopia (5), France (4), Greece (2), India (2), Italy (3), Kenya (15), Malawi (1), Spain (2), Tajikistan (1), Uganda (1)

• Pliocene of Armenia (1), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (2), Chad (3), China (1), Ethiopia (18), France (3), Georgia (2), Greece (14), Hungary (5), India (4), Italy (8), Kazakhstan (3), Kenya (6), Kyrgyzstan (1), Malawi (1), Moldova (3), Morocco (1), Poland (1), Romania (19), the Russian Federation (5), Slovakia (4), South Africa (5), Spain (6), Tajikistan (4), Tanzania (25), Turkey (1), Ukraine (7), Uzbekistan (1)

• MN 13 of Moldova (3)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (3), Kenya (3), Kyrgyzstan (1), South Africa (5), Turkey (1), Uganda (12)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (2), the Netherlands (1), South Africa (1)

• Neogene of Italy (1), Taiwan (2)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Algeria (2), Austria (2), China (14), Ethiopia (1), France (9), Georgia (1), Germany (2), Greece (19), Hungary (1), India (2), Italy (5), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (8), Moldova (3), Mongolia (5), Namibia (1), North Korea (1), Pakistan (7), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (2), Saudi Arabia (2), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (3), South Africa (1), Spain (13), Switzerland (1), Tajikistan (1), Tunisia (2), Turkey (9), Uganda (4), Ukraine (10)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Kazakhstan (1)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Belgium (1), the Czech Republic (3), France (17), Germany (5), Italy (2), Kazakhstan (1), Mongolia (1), Pakistan (1), Switzerland (8)

• Eocene of Mongolia (2), the United Kingdom (1), Vietnam (1)

Total: 762 collections including 884 occurrences

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