Family Phocoenidae Gray 1825 (porpoise)

Mammalia - Cetacea - Phocoenidae

Alternative spellings: Phocaenidae, Phocaenina, Phocaenini

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1825. An outline of an attempt at the disposition of Mammalia into Tribes and Families, with a list of genera apparently appertaining to each Tribe. Annals of Philosophy, new series 10:337-344

Parent taxon: Delphinoidea according to Y. Tanaka and H. Ichishima 2016

See also Abel 1914, Agnarsson and May-Collado 2008, Barnes 1985, Barnes et al. 1985, Benton 1993, Berta 2017, Bianucci and Landini 2007, Brownell 1975, Brownell 1983, Brownell and Praderi 1984, Canto et al. 2010, Carroll 1988, de Muizon 1988, Ellerman and Morrisson-Scott 1951, Foekens 2008, Fordyce and Barnes 1994, Fordyce et al. 1995, Fordyce and de Muizon 2001, Gaskin et al. 1974, Geisler et al. 2011, Geisler and Sanders 2003, Gingerich 2005, Gray 1825, Gray 1864, Gray 1868, Ichishima and Kimura 2000, Ichishima and Kimura 2005, Ichishima and Kimura 2009, Kasuya 1973, Marx et al. 2016, McKenna and Bell 1997, Mead and Brownell 2005, Muizon 1984, Murakami 2015, Murakami et al. 2012, Murakami et al. 2012, Nowak 1991, Rice 1998, Rice 2002, Rice 2009, Simpson 1945, Slijper 1936, Uhen et al. 2008, Van Deinse 1931, Vidal 1991 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxa: Albireonidae, Delphinidae, Eurhinodelphis pacificus, Graamocetus, Monodontidae, Odobenocetopsidae, Oedolithax, Palaeophocaena, Prionodelphis, Protodelphinus, Sinanodelphis

Subtaxa: Archaeophocaena Australithax Brabocetus Haborophocoena Lomacetus Loxolithax Miophocaena Neophocaena Numataphocoena Phocoena Phocoeninae Phocoenoides Phocoenoidinae Piscolithax Pterophocaena Salumiphocaena Semirostrum Septemtriocetus

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Ecology: aquatic piscivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (1 collection), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Canada (1: Quebec), Chile (1), China (1), Greenland (1), India (1), Indonesia (1), Japan (5), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (1), Norway (1), Oman (1), South Africa (1), Taiwan (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (10: Alaska, California, South Carolina), Uruguay (1)

• Pliocene of Azerbaijan (1), Belgium (2), Japan (5), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), South Africa (1), United States (9: California)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: California)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (2: California)

• Miocene of Chile (2), Japan (3), Mexico (2), New Zealand (1), Peru (6), Poland (1), United States (5: California)

Total: 77 collections including 93 occurrences

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