†subfamily Anchitheriinae Leidy 1869 (anchitheriine horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Full reference: J. Leidy. 1869. The extinct mammalian fauna of Dakota and Nebraska, including an account of some allied forms from other localities, together with a synopsis of the mammalian remains of North America. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 2:1-472

Parent taxon: Equidae according to B. J. MacFadden 1998

Sister taxa: Duchesnehippus, Eohippus, Epihippus, Equinae, Erihippus, Gobihippus, Hipphaplus, Hyracotheriinae, Lophiopus, Minippus, Orohippus, Plesiohipparion, Pliolophus, Protohippinae, Protorohippus, Sifrhippus, Sivalhippus, Xenicohippus

Subtaxa: none

Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: South Carolina collection)

• Pliocene of China (2)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1)

• Neogene of Ukraine (1)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Canada (14: Saskatchewan), China (7), France (22), Germany (11), Panama (4), Poland (3), Portugal (1), the Russian Federation (1), Serbia and Montenegro (3), Spain (11), Switzerland (4), Turkey (1), Ukraine (1), United States (251: California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Harrisonian of Canada (1: Saskatchewan), United States (26: California, Florida, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, Wyoming)

• Arikareean of United States (32: California, Florida, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Oregon, South Dakota, Wyoming)

• Oligocene of Canada (5: Saskatchewan), United States (73: California, Colorado, Florida, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Washington, Wyoming)

• Eocene of Canada (8: Saskatchewan), Mexico (2), United States (44: California, Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)

Total: 532 collections including 628 occurrences

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