Mastodon proavus Cope 1873 (mastodon)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Mammutidae

Alternative combinations: Mammut proavus, Miomastodon proavus, Serridentinus proavus, Tetrabelodon proavus, Zygolophodon proavus

Synonyms: Mammut brevidens Cope 1889, Mammut merriami Osborn 1921, Mastodon brevidens Cope 1889, Mastodon merriami Osborn 1921, Miomastodon merriami Osborn 1921, Rhynchotherium brevidens Cope 1889, Zygolophodon brevidens Cope 1889

Full reference: E. D. Cope. 1873. Synopsis of new Vertebrata from the Tertiary of Colorado obtained during the summer of 1873. Seventh Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories (extract)

Belongs to Mastodon according to E. D. Cope 1873

See also Galbreath 1953, Hay 1902, Lambert and Shoshani 1998, Madden and Storer 1985, Matthew 1918, Morea 1981, Osborn 1921, Osborn 1922, Shoshani and Tassy 1996 and Tobien 1973

Sister taxa: Mammut americanum, Mammut borsoni, Mammut cosoensis, Mammut floridanum, Mammut furlongi, Mammut matthewi, Mammut pacificus, Mammut raki, Mastodon rectus, Mastodon spenceri, Mammut mirificum, Mastodon (Tetralophodon), Mastodon bumiajuensis

Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Miocene of Canada (1: Saskatchewan collection), United States (1: Nevada)

Total: 2 collections each including a single occurrence

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