Mammut matthewi Osborn 1921 (mastodon)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Mammutidae

Alternative combinations: Mastodon matthewi, Miomastodon matthewi, Pliomastodon matthewi

Synonyms: Mammut nevadanus, Pliomastodon nevadanus , Pliomastodon sellardsi Simpson 1930, Pliomastodon vexillarius Matthew 1930

Full reference: H. F. Osborn. 1921. The evolution, phylogeny, and classification of the Proboscidea. American Museum Novitates 1:1-15

Belongs to Mammut according to J. Shoshani and P. Tassy 1996

See also Matthew 1930, Osborn 1921, Osborn 1922, Simpson 1930 and Tedford et al. 1987

Sister taxa: Mammut americanum, Mammut borsoni, Mammut cosoensis, Mammut floridanum, Mammut furlongi, Mammut pacificus, Mammut raki, Mastodon rectus, Mastodon spenceri, Mammut mirificum, Mastodon (Tetralophodon), Mastodon bumiajuensis, Mastodon proavus

Type specimens:

  • Mammut matthewi: Its type locality is Aphelops Draw Quarries, which is in a Hemphillian terrestrial horizon in the Snake Creek Formation of Nebraska
  • Mammut nevadanus: Its type locality is Thousand Creek, which is in a Hemphillian terrestrial horizon in Nevada.
  • Pliomastodon sellardsi: UF/FGS 3822, a mandible. Its type locality is American Cyanimid Company, which is in a Serravallian marginal marine sandstone in the Peace River Formation of Florida.
  • Pliomastodon vexillarius: Its type locality is North Dome (Pliomastodon Locality), which is in a Blancan terrestrial horizon in the San Joaquin Formation of California.

Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Blancan of United States (1: California collection)

• Hemphillian of United States (7: California, Florida, Nebraska, Nevada)

• Miocene of China (1), United States (1: Florida)

Total: 10 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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