†tribe Hipparionini Quinn 1955 (hipparionine horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Full reference: J. H. Quinn. 1955. Miocene Equidae of the Texas Gulf Coastal Plain. Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas Report of Investigations 5516:1-102

Parent taxon: Equinae according to B. J. MacFadden 1998

See also Baskin 1991, Bravo-Cuevas and Ferrusquía-Villafranca 2006, Bravo-Cuevas and Ferrusquia-Villafranca 2008, Hulbert and Whitmore 2006, Kelly 1995, Mooser 1963 and Quinn 1955

Sister taxa: Acritohippus, Calippini, Equini, Hippodon, Hippotheriini, Merychippus, Protohippini, Scaphohippus, Stylonus

Subtaxa: Cormohipparion Eurygnathohippus Hipparion Hipparion anthonyi Hippotherium Hippotherium sinclairi Nannippus Neohipparion Pseudhipparion

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), Azerbaijan (2), Djibouti (1), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (88), France (1), Greece (1), Kenya (36), South Africa (4), Spain (1), Tanzania (18), Turkey (1), United States (3: Kansas, South Carolina)

• Blancan of Mexico (8), United States (60: Arizona, California, Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (7), Kenya (17), Malawi (2), South Africa (2), Turkey (1)

• Pliocene of Armenia (1), Bulgaria (1), Chad (3), China (14), Egypt (1), Ethiopia (26), Georgia (2), Greece (8), Hungary (2), India (3), Italy (1), Kazakhstan (3), Kenya (19), Malawi (2), Mexico (2), Moldova (2), Morocco (1), Myanmar (1), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (6), South Africa (6), Spain (6), Tanzania (32), Turkey (1), Uganda (2), Ukraine (8), United States (6: California, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma)

• MN 13 of China (1), Moldova (3), Portugal (1)

• Hemphillian of Canada (1: Alberta), Mexico (14), United States (104: Alabama, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (5), Greece (2), Kazakhstan (5), Kenya (5), Mongolia (1), South Africa (7), Tanzania (2), Turkey (1), Uganda (21), Ukraine (1), United States (7: Florida, Oklahoma)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (2), Kenya (2)

• Neogene of Ukraine (3)

• Miocene of Afghanistan (1), Algeria (5), Austria (4), Bulgaria (2), Canada (29: Saskatchewan), Chad (1), China (28), Egypt (1), El Salvador (1), Ethiopia (2), France (4), Georgia (2), Germany (1), Greece (45), Honduras (4), Hungary (2), India (2), Iran (1), Iraq (1), Italy (2), Kazakhstan (2), Kenya (5), Kyrgyzstan (1), Lebanon (1), Mexico (5), Moldova (8), Morocco (1), Myanmar (1), Nepal (1), Pakistan (7), Panama (1), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (3), Slovakia (3), South Africa (2), Spain (20), Syria (1), Tajikistan (3), Tanzania (1), Thailand (2), Tunisia (7), Turkey (9), Uganda (5), Ukraine (15), the United Arab Emirates (1), United States (415: California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, Wyoming)

Total: 1267 collections including 1602 occurrences

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