Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope 1893 (camel)

Mammalia - Ungulata - Camelidae

Alternative combinations: Camelops macrocephalus, Holomeniscus macrocephalus, Tanupolama macrocephala

Synonyms: Camelus americanus Wortman 1898, Hemiauchenia blancoensis Meade 1945, Hemiauchenia seymourensis Hibbard and Dalquest 1962, Lama hollomani Hay and Cook 1930, Lama stevensi Merriam and Stock 1925, Prochenia americana Wortman 1898, Tanupolama americana Wortman 1898, Tanupolama blancoensis Meade 1945, Tanupolama hollomani Hay and Cook 1930, Tanupolama seymourensis Hibbard and Dalquest 1962, Tanupolama stevensi Merriam and Stock 1925

Full reference: E. D. Cope. 1893. A preliminary report on the vertebrate paleontology of the Llano Estacado. Fourth Annual Report of the Geological Survey of Texas 1892:11-136

Belongs to Hemiauchenia according to J. A. Meachen 2005

See also Breyer 1977, Cisneros 2005, Cope 1893, Dalquest 1992, Hay 1902, Hay 1913, Hibbard and Dalquest 1962, Honey et al. 1998, Kelly 1994, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Meade 1945, Merriam and Stock 1925, Schultz 1990, Slaughter 1966, Stock 1928, Webb 1965, Webb 1974, Webb and Stehli 1995 and Wortman 1898

Sister taxa: Hemiauchenia edensis, Hemiauchenia gracilis, Hemiauchenia guanajuatensis, Hemiauchenia minima, Hemiauchenia paradoxa, Auchenia vitakeriana, Tanupolama longurio

Ecology: ground dwelling browser-grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (1: Alberta collection), United States (39: California, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Mississippi, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Utah)

• Blancan of Mexico (1), United States (20: Colorado, Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington)

Total: 61 collections including 62 occurrences

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