Cuvieronius tropicus Cope 1884

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae

Alternative combinations: Cordillerion tropicus, Dibelodon tropicus, Mammut tropicum, Mastodon tropicus

Synonyms: Cordillerion defloccatus Hay 1926, Cordillerion oligobunis Cope 1893, Cordillerion orarius Hay 1926, Cuvieronius oligobunis Cope 1893, Mastodon oligobunis Cope 1893

Full reference: E. D. Cope. 1884. The extinct Mammalia of the Valley of Mexico. Paleontological Bulletin 39:1-21

Belongs to Cuvieronius according to J. Shoshani and P. Tassy 1996

See also Alroy 2002, Carranza-Castaneda and Miller 1987, Cisneros 2005, Cope 1884, Cope 1893, Hay 1902 and Webb and Dudley 1995

Sister taxa: Cuvieronius arellanoi, Cuvieronius bensonensis, Cuvieronius hyodon, Cuvieronius priestleyi, Cuvieronius tarijensis

Type specimens:

  • Cuvieronius tropicus: Its type locality is Tequixquiac, which is in a Pliocene terrestrial horizon in Mexico
  • Cordillerion defloccatus:
  • Cordillerion orarius:
  • Mastodon oligobunis: IGM 4007, a mandible.


• Quaternary of Bolivia (2 collections), Costa Rica (1), El Salvador (1), Mexico (1), Panama (1), United States (11: Florida, New Mexico)

• Blancan of United States (4: Florida)

• Pliocene of Chile (1), Mexico (1)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1)

Total: 24 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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