Mammut Blumenbach 1799 (mastodon)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Mammutidae

Synonyms: Leviathan Koch 1841, Mastodon Cuvier 1817, Missourium Koch 1840, Pliomastodon Osborn 1926, Tetracaulodon Godman 1830

Parent taxon: Mammutidae according to W. D. Lambert and J. Shoshani 1998

See also Abel 1919, Abraczinskas 1993, Alroy 2002, Carroll 1988, Dooley et al. 2019, Eshelman et al. 2018, Gray 1825, Hay 1902, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Lambert et al. 2010, Leidy 1860, Loomis 1918, Lucas and Morgan 1999, Madden 1980, McKenna and Bell 1997, Miller 1987, Nordmann 1860, Osborn 1918, Owen 1848, Schneider 1926, Shoshani et al. 1989, Shoshani and Tassy 1996, Shoshani and Tassy 2005, Stefani 1916, Tedford et al. 1987, Thurmond and Jones 1981 and Wilson 1967

Sister taxa: Eozygodon, Eozygodontinae, Losodokodon, Mammutinae, Sinomammut, Zygolophodon

Subtaxa: Mammut americanum Mammut borsoni Mammut cosoensis Mammut floridanum Mammut furlongi Mammut matthewi Mammut mirificum Mammut pacificus Mammut raki Mastodon (Tetralophodon) Mastodon bumiajuensis Mastodon proavus Mastodon rectus Mastodon spenceri

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Type: Elephas americanus

Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (7: New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Yukon collections), Mexico (5), Slovakia (1), United States (377: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia)

• Blancan of United States (10: California, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Washington)

• Pliocene of Bulgaria (1), China (1), Greece (14), Hungary (1), Italy (2), Kazakhstan (1), Moldova (3), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (1), Slovakia (3), Slovenia (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (13)

• Hemphillian of United States (17: Arizona, California, Florida, Nebraska, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon)

• Miocene of Austria (1), China (1), Egypt (1), Greece (5), Kazakhstan (1), Moldova (2), the Russian Federation (2), Ukraine (2), United States (6: Florida, Montana, North Carolina, Oregon)

Total: 483 collections including 486 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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