Palaeospheniscus Moreno and Mercerat 1891 (penguin)

Aves - Sphenisciformes

Synonyms: Chubutodyptes Simpson 1970, Paraspheniscus Ameghino 1905, Perispheniscus Ameghino 1905, Pseudospheniscus Ameghino 1905, Treleudytes Ameghino 1905

Full reference: F. P. Moreno and A. Mercerat. 1891. Catalogue des Oiseaux Fossiles de la Republique Argentine conserves au Musee de la Plata. Anales del Museo de la Plata 1:1-71

Parent taxon: Palaeospheniscinae according to D. T. Ksepka et al. 2006

See also Acosta Hospitaleche 2007, Acosta Hospitaleche et al. 2008, Acosta Hospitaleche and Stucchi 2005, Acosta Hospitaleche and Tambussi 2008, Ameghino 1891, Ameghino 1905, Brodkorb 1963, Brodkorb 1964, Carroll 1988, Lambrecht 1933, Marples 1960, Moreno and Mercerat 1891, Olson 1985, Simpson 1946, Simpson 1970 and Simpson 1972

Sister taxon: Eretiscus

Subtaxa: Palaeospheniscus bergi Palaeospheniscus bilocular Palaeospheniscus biloculata Palaeospheniscus gracilis Palaeospheniscus huxleyorum Palaeospheniscus patagonicus Palaeospheniscus wimani

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene of South Africa (2 collections)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chile (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (8), Peru (1)

Total: 12 collections including 22 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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