Palaeoloxodon creutzburgi Kuss 1965 (elephant)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Alternative combinations: Elephas antiquus creutzburgi, Elephas creutzburgi, Loxodonta creutzburgi

Synonym: Elephas chaniensis Symeonidis et al. 2000

Full reference: S. E. Kuss. 1965. Eine Pleistozäne Säugetierfauna der Insel Kreta. Berichte der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Freiburg im Breisgau 55:271-348

Belongs to Palaeoloxodon according to A. Athanassiou et al. 2019

See also Athanassiou et al. 2018, Kuss 1965, Palombo 2001 and Poulakakis et al. 2002

Sister taxa: Elephas (Euelephas), Elephas beyeri, Elephas falconeri, Elephas maximus, Elephas melitensis, Elephas moghrebiensis, Elephas nawataensis, Elephas priscus, Loxodonta (Palaeoloxodon) tokunagai, Palaeoloxodon recki, Palaeoloxodon cypriotes, Palaeoloxodon antiquus, Palaeoloxodon lomolinoi, Palaeoloxodon xylophagou, Palaeoloxodon tiliensis, Palaeoloxodon mnaidriensis, Elephas (Palaeoloxodon) cephallonicus, Palaeoloxodon naumanni

Type specimens:

  • Palaeoloxodon creutzburgi: Geological-Paleontological InstituteBurg / Br., No. 22/1963, a tooth (Inferior Molar). Its type locality is Kalo Chorafi, which is in a Pleistocene cave claystone in Greece.
  • Elephas chaniensis: AMPG BAM 1, a limb element (right metacarpal 1). Its type locality is Vamos Cave, which is in a Pleistocene cave horizon in Greece.

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Greece (8 collections)

Total: 8 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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