Family Iguanidae Oppel 1811 (squamates)

Reptilia - Squamata - Iguanidae

Parent taxon: Pleurodonta according to J. L. Conrad and M. A. Norell 2007

See also Alifanov 1993, Carroll 1988, Cocude-Michel 1963, Conrad et al. 2007, Cope 1871, Cope 1875, Estes 1961, Estes 1983, Estes et al. 1988, Frank and Ramus 1996, Gadow 1898, Gao and Fox 1996, Gao and Hou 1996, Gilmore 1928, Hay 1902, Kuhn 1946, Kuhn 1966, Lee and Caldwell 2000, Norell 1989, Seiffert 1975, Smith 2006 and Zittel 1890

Sister taxa: Corytophanidae, Crotaphytidae, Erichosaurus bombimaxila, Erichosaurus debilis, Erichosaurus diminutus, Gobiguania, Hoplocercidae, Igua, Phrynosomatidae, Polychrotidae, Thecaglossa, Tropiduridae, Typhlophthalmi

Subtaxa: Abas Aciprion Amblyrhynchus Anisolepis Anolbanolis Basiliscus Brachylophus Cadurciguana Callisaurus Chamaeleolis Chamaelinorops Cnephasaurus Corytophanes Corytophaninae Crotaphytus Ctenosaura Cyclura Cypressaurus Diplolaemus Enyalioides Enyalius Erichosaurus Geiseltaliellus Harrisonsaurus Holbrookia Hoplocercus Iguana Iguaninae Laemanctus Leiocephalus Leiosaurus Morunasaurus Oreithyia Paradipsosaurus Paranolis Parasauromalus Petrosaurus Phenacosaurus Phrynosomatinae Pristidactylus Pristiguana Proiguana Queironius Sauromalus Sceloporus Suzanniwana Swainiguanoides Uracentron Uranoscodon Urosaurus Urostrophus Uta Xihaina

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Ecology: ground dwelling omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Anguilla (1 collection), Antigua and Barbuda (1), Argentina (1), the Bahamas (9), Cayman Islands (5), the Dominican Republic (3), Fiji (1), Mexico (1), Puerto Rico (1), United States (41: Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)

• Blancan of Mexico (2), United States (8: Arizona, California, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1)

• Miocene of Canada (1: Saskatchewan), Colombia (1), Puerto Rico (1), United States (19: Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, Wyoming)

• Harrisonian of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Deseadan of Argentina (1)

• Arikareean of United States (2: Florida, South Dakota)

• Oligocene of France (1), Germany (2), United States (5: Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, Wyoming)

• Eocene to Miocene of France (1)

• Eocene of Belgium (1), Canada (1: Saskatchewan), France (25), Germany (5), Mexico (2), Portugal (1), Spain (5), United States (23: California, New Mexico, North Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)

• Paleocene of Bolivia (2), Germany (1), United States (2: Wyoming)

• Cretaceous of Argentina (1), Brazil (1), Canada (1: Alberta), China (1), France (1), Spain (1), United States (1: Wyoming)

Total: 186 collections including 285 occurrences

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