Testudo Linnaeus 1758 (turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Pantestudinidae

Synonym: Pseudotestudo Loveridge and Williams 1957

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Testudinidae according to E. Vlachos 2018

See also Andrews 1906, Böhme 2008, Brinkman et al. 2008, Capasso Barbato and Gliozzi 1995, Carroll 1988, Chkhikvadze 1973, Cope 1875, Cope 1884, de la Fuente et al. 2014, Frank and Ramus 1996, Galbreath 1953, Garcia et al. 2016, Gilmore 1915, Gilmore 1931, Gilmore 1934, Hay 1902, Kotsakis 1977, Lambe 1908, Leidy 1860, Leidy 1873, Lydekker 1889, Quenstedt 1882, Staesche et al. 2007, van Dijk et al. 2014, Vlachos and Delfino 2016, Vlachos et al. 2015, Vlachos and Tsoukala 2014, Vlachos and Tsoukala 2016 and Yeh 1963

Sister taxa: Achilemys, Agrionemys, Aldabrachelys, Anhuichelys, Astrochelys, Cachuga, Caryoderma, Centrochelys, Cheirogaster, Chelonoidis, Chelys patagonica, Chersina, Chersine, Cylindraspis, Damonia, Emys sombrerensis, Ergilemys, Floridemys, Floridemys hurdi, Fontainechelon, Geochelone, Geochelone (Chelonoidis), Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) equicomes, Gigantochersina, Gopherus, Gopherus praecedens, Hesperotestudo, Homopus, Impregnochelys, Indotestudo, Juvemys, Kansuchelys, Kinixys, Malacochersus, Manouria, Megalochelys, Mesochersus, Miotestudo, Namibchersus, Nicoria, Palaeoemys, Paleotestudo, Pelorochelon, Platysterninae, Protestudo, Psammobates, Pyxis, Sinohadrianus, Stigmochelys, Stylemys, Stylemys calaverensis, Taraschelon, Testudininae, Testudininei, Testudinites sellovii, Testudo annae, Testudo atascosae, Testudo castrensis, Testudo cultrata, Testudo exornata, Testudo formosa, Testudo francisi, Testudo hayi, Testudo klettiana, Testudo laticaudata, Testudo louisekressmani, Testudo luciae, Testudo ocalana, Testudo paranensis, Testudo peragrans, Testudo quadratus, Testudo undata, Titanochelon

Subtaxa: Testudo (Chersine) Testudo (Stylemys) Testudo amberiacensis Testudo amiatae Testudo antakyensis Testudo antiqua Testudo atlas Testudo bosporica Testudo brevitesta Testudo brontops Testudo carinata Testudo cautleyi Testudo cernovi Testudo changshanensis Testudo chienfutungensis Testudo costarricensis Testudo craverii Testudo denizoti Testudo despotti Testudo emys Testudo escheri Testudo eurysternum Testudo floweri Testudo geometrica Testudo globosa Testudo graeca Testudo hexagonata Testudo hipparionum Testudo honanensis Testudo horsfieldii Testudo houzei Testudo hypercostata Testudo hypselonota Testudo ibera Testudo indica Testudo kalksburgensis Testudo kenitrensis Testudo kleinmanni Testudo larteti Testudo lunanensis Testudo lutaria Testudo margae Testudo marginata Testudo marmorum Testudo nanus Testudo oughlamensis Testudo pecorinii Testudo phosphoritarum Testudo promarginata Testudo punjabiensis Testudo pusilla Testudo scabra Testudo semenensis Testudo shansiensis Testudo sharanensis Testudo shensiensis Testudo shilouensis Testudo sloanei Testudo sphaerica Testudo tarakliensis Testudo terrestris Testudo tunhuanensis Testudo ulanensis Testudo weissingeri Testudo yunnanensis

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Type: Testudo graeca

Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore-herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of China (2 collections), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Croatia (1), France (6), Georgia (1), Greece (18), Hungary (1), Indonesia (2), Israel (3), Italy (2), Malta (2), Mauritius (1), Morocco (4), South Africa (1), Spain (6), United States (3: Florida, Texas)

• Blancan of Mexico (1), United States (1: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Greece (2), South Africa (4)

• Pliocene of China (1), France (3), Greece (7), Hungary (3), Italy (2), Japan (1), Moldova (1), Morocco (3), Pakistan (1), Poland (2), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Turkey (3), Ukraine (1)

• MN 13 of Turkey (1)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Kansas)

• Miocene to Pliocene of France (1), Greece (3), South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Austria (5), China (13), France (22), Germany (41), Greece (11), Italy (7), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (1), Lebanon (1), Moldova (1), Poland (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (2), Spain (5), Switzerland (3), Tunisia (1), Turkey (12), Ukraine (3)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Costa Rica (1)

• Oligocene of China (1), France (6), Georgia (1), Germany (1), Kazakhstan (1)

• Eocene to Miocene of France (1)

• Eocene of Belgium (1), China (3), Mongolia (1), United States (2: California, South Dakota)

Total: 249 collections including 272 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.