Hesperotestudo turgida Cope 1892 (turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Pantestudinidae

Alternative combinations: Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) turgida, Gopherus turgida, Testudo turgida

Synonyms: Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) alleni Auffenberg 1966, Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) incisa Hay 1916, Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) johnstoni Auffenberg 1962, Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) oelrichi Holman 1972, Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) riggsi Hibbard 1944, Geochelone alleni Auffenberg 1966, Geochelone incisa Hay 1916, Geochelone johnstoni Auffenberg 1962, Geochelone mlynarskii Auffenberg 1988, Geochelone oelrichi Holman 1972, Gopherus incisa Hay 1916, Gopherus riggsi Hibbard 1944, Testudo incisa Hay 1916, Testudo riggsi Hibbard 1944, Testudo wilsoni Milstead 1956

Full reference: E. D. Cope. 1892. A contribution to the vertebrate paleontology of Texas. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 30(137):123-131

Belongs to Hesperotestudo according to E. Vlachos 2018

See also Auffenberg 1962, Auffenberg 1963, Auffenberg 1966, Auffenberg 1988, Cope 1892, Cope 1893, Hay 1902, Hay 1916, Hibbard 1944, Holman 1972, Milstead 1956, Oelrich 1957 and Ray 1957

Sister taxa: Eupachemys, Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) angusticeps, Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) orthopygia, Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) wilsoni, Hesperotestudo bermudae, Hesperotestudo crassiscutata, Hesperotestudo ducateli, Hesperotestudo gilbertii, Hesperotestudo orthopygia, Hesperotestudo osborniana, Hesperotestudo williamsi, Testudo tedwhitei

Type specimens:

  • Hesperotestudo turgida: ANSP 14689, a partial shell (complete plastron and fragmentary carapace). Its type locality is North of Dockum, which is in a Miocene/Pleistocene terrestrial horizon in Texas.
  • Geochelone alleni: UF 9370, a shell. Its type locality is McGehee Farm, which is in a Hemphillian terrestrial horizon in the Alachua Formation of Florida.
  • Geochelone johnstoni: PPHM 1540 (holotype), a shell (complete shell). Its type locality is Cita Canyon, which is in a Blancan channel sandstone in Texas.
  • Geochelone mlynarskii: UF 18960 (holotype), a partial shell (partial plastron). Its type locality is Coleman IIA, which is in an Irvingtonian sinkhole claystone/sandstone in Florida.
  • Geochelone oelrichi: UMMP 56298 (holotype), a partial skeleton (partial shell with associated appendicular elements).
  • Testudo incisa: USNM 8821, a partial shell (complete left xiphiplastron). Its type locality is Ocala (precise locality unknown), which is in a Pleistocene marine horizon in the Ocala Formation of Florida.
  • Testudo riggsi: KU 6789 (holotype), a shell (nearly complete shell).
  • Testudo wilsoni: TMM No. 933-3585, a shell (almost complete shell).

Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore-herbivore


• Pliocene of United States (1: Texas collection)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: Texas)

Total: 3 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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