Cimoliasaurus Leidy 1851 (elasmosaur)

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Elasmosauridae

Alternative spelling: Cimoliosaurus

Synonyms: Discosaurus Leidy 1851, Hunosaurus Fritsch 1905, Iserosaurus Fritsch 1905, Oligosimus Leidy 1872, Piptomerus Cope 1887

Parent taxon: Elasmosauridae according to F. R. O'Keefe and H. P. Street 2009

See also Bayer 1914, Bayer 1916, Brown 1981, Carrano 2020, Carroll 1988, Cope 1869, Cope 1871, Cope 1875, Delair 1960, Fritsch 1905, Hay 1902, Lydekker 1889, Persson 1963, Seeley 1892, Sepkoski 2002, Thurmond and Jones 1981, Wegner 1914, Welles 1943, White 1940, Williston 1903 and Williston 1906

Sister taxa: Alexeyisaurus, Alzadasaurinae, Alzadasaurus kansasensis, Alzadasaurus tropicus, Aristonectinae, Callawayasaurus, Callowayosaurus, Cardiocorax, Cimoliasaurus andium, Cimoliasaurus cantabrigiensis, Cimoliasaurus caudalis, Elasmosaurinae, Elasmosaurus amalitskii, Elasmosaurus kurskensis, Elasmosaurus orskensis, Elasmosaurus serdobensis, Elasmosaurus sternbergi, Eromangasaurus, Gronausaurus, Hydrotherosaurus, Kawanectes, Leurospondylus, Libonectes, Mauisaurus, Mauisaurus gardneri, Plesiosaurus constrictus, Plesiosaurus crassicostatus, Plesiosaurus gulo, Plesiosaurus gurgitis, Plesiosaurus helmersenii, Plesiosaurus holmesii, Plesiosaurus hoodii, Plesiosaurus mackayii, Plesiosaurus mauritanicus, Plesiosaurus sutherlandi, Pliosaurus gigas, Pliosaurus macrospondylus, Scanisaurus, Stereosaurus, Styxosaurinae, Thalassiosaurus, Thalassiosaurus ischiadicus, Thalassomedon, Thalassonomosaurus, Thalassonomosaurus nobilis, Tuarangisaurus, Vegasaurus, Wapuskanectes, Weddellonectia, Woolungasaurus, Woolungasaurus glendowerensis, Zarafasaura, Brimosaurus, Morturneria

Subtaxa: Brimosaurus grandis Cimoliasaurus brevior Cimoliasaurus maccoyi Cimoliasaurus magnus Cimoliosaurus laramiensis Cimoliosaurus magnus Cimoliosaurus snowii

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Type: Cimoliosaurus magnus

Ecology: aquatic carnivore

Distribution:

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey collection)

• Cretaceous of Australia (1), Canada (2: Alberta, Northwest Territories), Chile (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (9: Arkansas, Maryland, Montana, New Jersey, Texas)

• Jurassic of the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 17 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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