Pycnodus Agassiz 1835 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae

Full reference: L. Agassiz. 1835. Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome IV (livr. 4). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel 33-52

Parent taxon: Pycnodontidae according to J. R. Nursall 1996

See also Agassiz 1835, Bannikov 2014, Cantalice et al. 2019, Carnevale et al. 2014, Casier 1966, Cope 1878, Goodwin et al. 1999, Hay 1902, Kumar and Loyal 1987, Leidy 1873, Sahni and Mishra 1975, Sepkoski 2002, Weems 1999 and Woodward 1895

Sister taxa: Abdobalistum, Acrotemnus, Anomoeodus, Athrodon, Callodus, Coccodus, Coelodus, Iemanja, Macromesodon, Micropycnodon, Neoproscinetes, Nonaphalagodus, Omphalodus, Paramicrodon, Polypsephis, Proscincetes, Pycnodontinae, Pycnomicrodon, Sphaerodus, Stemmatodus, Tepexichthys, Typodus, Uranoplosus, Xenopholis

Subtaxa: Pycnodus apodus Pycnodus bicresta Pycnodus bowerbanki Pycnodus carolinensis Pycnodus comminuens Pycnodus flabellatus Pycnodus gigas Pycnodus granulatus Pycnodus jugleri Pycnodus lametae Pycnodus minutus Pycnodus orbicularis Pycnodus parallelus Pycnodus planidens Pycnodus platessus Pycnodus preufsii Pycnodus priscus Pycnodus robustus Pycnodus rotundatus Pycnodus toliapicus

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Type: Pycnodus platessus

Ecology: nektonic durophage-carnivore

Distribution:

• Eocene of Egypt (1 collection), India (5), Italy (1), Mali (1), Saudi Arabia (1), the United Kingdom (4), United States (2: Mississippi, Virginia)

• Paleocene to Eocene of India (1), Mali (2)

• Paleocene of Mali (1), Mexico (2), Saudi Arabia (5)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of Mali (1)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (2), France (4), India (3), Italy (1), Mali (1), Morocco (1), Niger (1), Portugal (1), Switzerland (10), the United Kingdom (1), United States (1: Arkansas)

• Jurassic of Ethiopia (1), France (1), Germany (1), the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 57 collections including 74 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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