Sphyrna Rafinesque 1810 (hammerhead shark)

Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae

Parent taxon: Sphyrnidae according to W. Landini et al. 2019

See also Adnet et al. 2007, Carillo-BriceƱo et al. 2014, Case 1981, Chapman and Cudmore 1924, Chapman and Pritchard 1904, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Compagno 2005, Hastings and Dooley 2017, Hay 1902, Jordan 1963, Kent 2018, Leriche 1942, Purdy et al. 2001, Sepkoski 2002, White 1926, Woodward 1889 and Yabe and Hirayama 1998

Sister taxa: Cestrorhinus, Eusphyra, Platysqualus, Reniceps, Sphyra, Sphyrichthys, Sphyrnias, Zygaena

Subtaxa: Sphyrna americana Sphyrna denticulata Sphyrna elongata Sphyrna gibbesii Sphyrna gilmorei Sphyrna itoriensis Sphyrna laevissima Sphyrna lata Sphyrna lewini Sphyrna magna Sphyrna media Sphyrna prisca Sphyrna tortilis Sphyrna zygaena

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Ecuador (1 collection), Japan (1), United States (1: Georgia)

• Pliocene of Angola (1), Italy (1), Libya (1), South Africa (1), United States (2: California, North Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Hemphillian of Costa Rica (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1), Ecuador (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Australia (3), Austria (1), Brazil (5), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (2), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (1), France (7), India (5), Japan (2), Madagascar (1), Malta (1), Mexico (1), Panama (12), Peru (2), Poland (1), Portugal (3), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovakia (1), United States (12: California, Florida, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (6)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Peru (1)

• Oligocene of France (1), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Pakistan (1), United States (3: California, Florida, South Carolina)

• Eocene of Egypt (1), Nigeria (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Togo (1), United States (5: Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina), Western Sahara (2)

• Paleocene of United States (2: Maryland)

Total: 110 collections including 147 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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