Metalia Gray 1855 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida - Brissidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1855. Catalogue of the Recent Echinida, or Sea Eggs, in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Echinida Irregularia. Woodfall & Kinder, London 1-69

Parent taxon: Brissidae according to P. M. Kier 1984

See also Clark and Twitchell 1915, Fischer 1966, Grant and Hertlein 1938 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Arcaechinus, Brissopatagus, Brissopsidae, Brissopsis, Brissus, Cionobrissus, Cyclaster, Diplodetus, Eupatagus, Fernandezaster, Fourtaunia, Gillechinus, Gualtieria, Hernandezaster, Herreraster, Hikelaster, Hysteraster, Lajanaster, Macropneustes, Mariania, Mauritanaster, Megapneustes, Meoma, Migliorinia, Pharaonaster, Plagiobrissus, Plesiopatagus, Radiobrissus, Rhynobrissus, Rojasia, Stomaporus, Taimanawa, Trachypatagus

Subtaxa: Metalia cartagensis Metalia ravenelianus Metalia spatagus

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Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Micronesia (1 collection), United States (1: South Carolina)

• Miocene of Cuba (1), Fiji (2), Italy (2), Micronesia (1)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (1)

• Eocene of Pakistan (1)

Total: 10 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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