Lovenia Desor 1847 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida - Loveniidae

Synonyms: Lovenia (Vasconaster) Lambert 1915, Vasconaster Lambert 1915

Parent taxon: Loveniidae according to R. A. Henderson 1975

See also Cooke 1942, Fischer 1966, Grant and Hertlein 1938, Jackson 1937 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Breynia, Breyninae, Chuniola, Echinocardiidae, Echinocardium, Hemipatagus, Mazettia, Verbeekia

Subtaxa: Lovenia (Lovenia) Lovenia alabamensis Lovenia cordiformis Lovenia dumblei Lovenia forbesii Lovenia lorioli Lovenia madurae Lovenia mauritanica Lovenia mexicana Lovenia vicentina Lovenia woodsii

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Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: California collection)

• Pliocene of United States (1: California)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (2)

• Miocene of Australia (1), Fiji (7), Italy (5)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Malta (3)

• Oligocene of Mexico (2), United States (1: Texas)

• Eocene of Mexico (1)

Total: 24 collections including 25 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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