Brissus Gray 1825 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida - Brissidae

Parent taxon: Brissidae according to A. G. Fischer 1966

See also Grant and Hertlein 1938, Henderson 1975, Kier 1984 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Arcaechinus, Brissopatagus, Brissopsidae, Brissopsis, Cionobrissus, Cyclaster, Diplodetus, Eupatagus, Fernandezaster, Fourtaunia, Gillechinus, Gualtieria, Hernandezaster, Herreraster, Hikelaster, Hysteraster, Lajanaster, Macropneustes, Mariania, Mauritanaster, Megapneustes, Meoma, Metalia, Migliorinia, Pharaonaster, Plagiobrissus, Plesiopatagus, Radiobrissus, Rhynobrissus, Rojasia, Stomaporus, Taimanawa, Trachypatagus

Subtaxa: Brissus cabrerai Brissus camagueyensis Brissus caobaense Brissus durhami Brissus eximius Brissus expansus Brissus fragilis Brissus inaequalis Brissus kewi Brissus latecarinatus Brissus minutus Brissus rana Brissus sagrae Brissus spatiosus Brissus unicolor

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Type: Brissus fragilis

Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Micronesia (1 collection), Taiwan (1), United States (1: South Carolina)

• Pliocene of Cuba (1), Egypt (2), Fiji (2), Japan (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (2), Australia (3), Indonesia (1), Malta (1), Moldova (3), Ukraine (1), United States (1: California)

• Oligocene of New Zealand (1), United States (3: Florida, Georgia, Texas)

• Eocene of Cuba (1)

Total: 26 collections including 27 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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