Suborder Serranoidei (perch-like fish)

Actinopteri - Perciformes

Parent taxon: Perciformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

Sister taxa: Acanthonotus, Acanthuroidei, Acentrogobius, Alectis, Alepes, Aluvarus, Ammodytoidei, Amphiperca, Anarhichas, Anarrhichthys, Aphia, Apogonoides, Apolectus, Apsilus, Aramichthys, Ariomma, Avitolabrax, Avitoluvarus, Bairdiella, Beaumontoperca, Bembrops, Bilinia, Blabe, Blennius, Boops, Brama, Branchiostegidae, Brotulidae, Burtinia, Calamus, Callionymus, Callyodon, Carangodidae, Chaeturichthys, Chanda, Chandidae, Clinus, Cockerellites, Coryphopterus, Cottioidei, Cottopsis, Crenidens, Crenidens, Cristigerina, Ctenodentex, Ctenosciaena, Cubiceps, Dapaloides, Diaphyodus, Dipterichthys, Ductoridae, Emmelichthys, Eocottidae, Eoluvarus, Eoserranus, Eothyrsites, Epinnula, Exallias, Exelliidae, Gazza, Gempylus, Gerres, Glaucosoma, Gobioidei, Haliophis, Hemerocoetes, Hypacanthus, Hyperoglyphe, Hyperoplus, Hyperprosopon, Isacia, Kuhlia, Kushlukiidae, Kyphosus, Labrisomus, Labroidea, Labroidei, Landanichthys, Latidae, Leptoscopus, Libotonius, Lithognathus, Lonchistium, Luvarus, Lycodopsis, Lyconectes, Maccullochella, Matarchia, Menticirrhus, Mugiloidei, Neanthias, Nebris, Neoscombrops, Notothenioidei, Oblada, Odonteobolca, Opisthomyzon, Orthopristis, Ostracoberyx, Palaeoperca, Paracalamus, Parapercis, Paraplatax, Parapristipoma, Parapygaeus, Pararhenanoperca, Parasphyraena, Pasaichthys, Pempheris, Pennahia, Pentacerotidae, Pentanemus, Pentaprion, Percalates, Percoidei, Percoideorum, Percophidae, Phanerodon, Phosphichthys, Pirskenius, Plagioholocentrus, Platycephalidae, Platylates, Plectorhinchus, Polydactylus, Priacanthopsis, Propercarinidae, Propygidium, Proserranus, Psenes, Pseudoscarus, Pseudoscopelus, Quasicichla, Quasimullidae, Repropcidae, Rexea, Rhenanoperca, Robertanniidae, Scomberoides, Scombroidei, Scombrops, Scombrosphyraena, Scorpaenoidei, Selar, Sillaginodes, Sillago, Sparidae, Sphenocephalus, Sphyraenoidei, Sphyraenops, Stromateoidei, Stromateus, Synagrops, Tetrapterus, Thyrsitocephalus, Trachinidae, Trachinoidei, Trichiuroidei, Tripterygion, Tungtingichthys, Verilus, Wangia, Xiphioidei, Zoarces, Zoarcoidei

Subtaxa: Serranidae

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Italy (4 collections), the Marshall Islands (3), United States (3: California, Louisiana)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (1), United States (3: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chile (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (2), Austria (1), Italy (2), Mexico (1), Panama (1), Slovakia (1), United States (2: California), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Georgia (1), the Russian Federation (1)

• Oligocene of Azerbaijan (1), the Czech Republic (2), Germany (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), United States (1: Louisiana)

• Eocene of France (4), Germany (1), the United Kingdom (8), United States (11: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia)

• Paleocene of Saudi Arabia (1), Turkmenistan (1), United States (1: Alabama)

• Cretaceous of India (1)

Total: 67 collections including 96 occurrences

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