Suborder Characoidei (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Characiformes

Parent taxon: Characiformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

Sister taxa: Citharinoidei, Miletes, Rhodsia, Santanichthys

Subtaxa: Acestrorhynchidae Alestidae Bryconidae Chalceidae Characidae Chilodontidae Crenuchidae Ctenoluciidae Cynodontidae Erythrinidae Gasteropelecidae Hemiodontidae Hepsetidae Lebiasinidae Parodontidae Prochilodontidae Serrasalmidae Triportheidae

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Ecology:

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Ethiopia (1 collection), Kenya (15)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (3), Kenya (7), Uganda (4)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1), Colombia (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Ethiopia (1), Kenya (9), Uganda (4)

• Montehermosan of Argentina (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Kenya (2), Tanzania (1), Uganda (17)

• Miocene of Argentina (3), Brazil (1), Chad (1), Colombia (5), Egypt (1), Kenya (1), Peru (6), Tanzania (1), Uganda (3), Venezuela (2)

• Oligocene of Kenya (1), Peru (3), Tanzania (1)

• Eocene of Algeria (1), Bolivia (1), Libya (4), Namibia (1), Peru (3), the United Kingdom (1)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Peru (2)

• Paleocene of Bolivia (1)

• Cretaceous of Bolivia (1), Romania (1)

Total: 114 collections including 143 occurrences

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