Family Esocidae Cuvier 1817 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Esociformes - Esocidae

Alternative spelling: Esoces

Parent taxon: Esociformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Hay 1902, Jordan 1963, Peng et al. 2001, Shoshani et al. 1989, Wilson 1967 and Woodward 1901

Sister taxon: Umbridae

Subtaxa: Esox Estesesox Oldmanesox

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Ecology:

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the Czech Republic (1 collection), Estonia (1), Hungary (1), the Russian Federation (1), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (6: Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Germany (1), Hungary (1), Moldova (1), the Russian Federation (1), Slovakia (1), Ukraine (1)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Canada (1: Yukon), Germany (2), Greece (1), Moldova (1), the Russian Federation (1), Turkey (1), United States (1: Nebraska)

• Oligocene of the Czech Republic (1), Germany (1), Kazakhstan (1), Switzerland (1)

• Eocene of Canada (2: Northwest Territories, Northwest Territory), United States (2: Utah, Wyoming)

• Paleocene of Canada (2: Alberta)

• Cretaceous of Canada (31: Alberta, Saskatchewan)

Total: 77 collections each including a single occurrence

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