Pholas Linnaeus 1758 (clam)

Bivalvia - Pholadida - Pholadidae

Synonym: Hypogaea Poli 1791

Parent taxon: Pholadinae according to H. E. Vokes 1980

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Glenn 1904, Lamprell and Healy 1998 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Barnea, Clavipholas, Cyrtopleuropsis, Euxinibarneini, Monothyra, Nipponopholas, Pholadini, Zirfaea

Subtaxa: Pholas (Monothyra) Pholas (Pholas) Pholas (Thovana) Pholas arcuata Pholas baudoni Pholas dactylus Pholas intermedia Pholas mackiana Pholas pectorosa

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Type: Pholas dactylus

Ecology: stationary boring suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (1 collection), Australia (1), Ecuador (1), Morocco (3), Peru (1), South Africa (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (4: California, South Carolina), Venezuela (1)

• Pliocene of Trinidad and Tobago (2), the United Kingdom (1)

• Miocene of Australia (1), Austria (1), Colombia (2), Jamaica (1), Kazakhstan (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (1: Delaware)

• Eocene of Jamaica (1), United States (2: Mississippi, Texas)

• Paleocene of United States (13: Alabama, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Switzerland (2), United States (7: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Texas)

Total: 51 collections including 55 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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