Astarte Sowerby 1816 (clam)

Bivalvia - Carditida - Astartidae

Alternative spelling: Estarte

Synonym: Crassina Lamarck 1818

Parent taxon: Astartinae according to L. W. Ward 1992

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Dockery 1982, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Meek 1864, Packard 1922, Popenoe 1937, Ros-Franch et al. 2014, Sepkoski 2002, Stanton 1895, Vokes 1980, Vokes 1981, Ward and Blackwelder 1987, Wienrich 1999 and Woodring 1982

Sister taxa: Astartella, Astartellopsis, Coelastarte, Hemimenia, Megapraeconia, Neocrassina, Nicaniella, Notoastarte, Oxyloma, Prorokia

Subtaxa: Astarte (Ashtarotha) Astarte (Astarte) Astarte (Digitariopsis) Astarte (Eriphylopsis) Astarte (Goodallia) Astarte (Neocrassina) Astarte (Trautscholdia) Astarte (Tridonta) Astarte adkinsi Astarte altissima Astarte amygdaloides Astarte antoni Astarte arctica Astarte bayi Astarte biplicata Astarte borealis Astarte bronni Astarte brumpti Astarte californica Astarte calvertensis Astarte castanea Astarte castrana Astarte claytonrayi Astarte cobhamensis Astarte compacta Astarte compressa Astarte conradiana Astarte consobrina Astarte corrugata Astarte coxi Astarte crebricostata Astarte crebrilirata Astarte crenata Astarte cuneiformis Astarte dancalensis Astarte digitaria Astarte distans Astarte durangensis Astarte elliptica Astarte excurrens Astarte gracilis Astarte hartzi Astarte heriensis Astarte huralensis Astarte ignekensis Astarte incerta Astarte incrassata Astarte jugosa Astarte longirostris Astarte marylandica Astarte mathewsonii Astarte meeki Astarte menthifontis Astarte minima Astarte minor Astarte minutissima Astarte monroensis Astarte montagui Astarte mundorffi Astarte mutabilis Astarte neuseana Astarte obovata Astarte obruta Astarte onslowensis Astarte oolitharum Astarte parva Astarte parvula Astarte perplana Astarte persipulla Astarte pisiformis Astarte planilamella Astarte planissima Astarte portana Astarte praeobliqua Astarte protracta Astarte pygmaea Astarte rappahannockensis Astarte rosthorni Astarte saemanni Astarte scotica Astarte sergipensis Astarte similis Astarte spitiensis Astarte squamula Astarte stefanini Astarte subvoltzii Astarte sulcata Astarte sulcata Astarte symmetrica Astarte tecticosta Astarte tellinoides Astarte thisphila Astarte thomasii Astarte thompsonii Astarte triangularis Astarte triangulata Astarte triangulatoides Astarte tuscana Astarte undata Astarte unglina Astarte ventricosa Astarte vernicosa Astarte wandeli Astarte wiltoni

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Type: Venus scotica

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Belgium (1 collection), Canada (36: Manitoba, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Quebec), Greenland (30), Iceland (4), India (1), Ireland (1), Italy (2), Japan (1), the Netherlands (6), Spain (1), Sweden (1), the United Kingdom (15), United States (51: Alaska, Florida, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Belgium (7), Greece (1), Greenland (1), Italy (1), Japan (4), the Netherlands (1), the Russian Federation (4), the United Kingdom (10), United States (54: Alaska, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (5: Alaska)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Belgium (12), Cyprus (3), Denmark (2), France (1), Germany (50), India (9), Italy (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (4), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (2), United States (88: Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Denmark (6), Hungary (1), the Netherlands (1), United States (47: Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Pakistan (3), the United Kingdom (1), United States (20: Alabama, Mississippi, New Jersey, Texas, Virginia)

• Paleocene of Argentina (2), Denmark (5), Egypt (1), India (1), Japan (1), New Zealand (1), Nigeria (1), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (1), United States (6: Georgia, Maryland, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Albania (1), Argentina (2), Australia (1), Austria (2), Brazil (3), Bulgaria (1), Canada (4: Alberta, British Columbia), China (2), Colombia (2), the Congo-Brazzaville (2), Cuba (1), Denmark (1), Ecuador (1), Egypt (4), France (9), Germany (9), Greenland (5), Hungary (2), India (2), Indian Ocean (1), Italy (2), Jamaica (2), Japan (42), Mexico (4), Mozambique (3), New Zealand (26), Nigeria (6), Peru (1), Poland (7), Portugal (3), the Russian Federation (18), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (8), Switzerland (10), Turkmenistan (1), USSR (19), the United Kingdom (5), United States (77: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Antarctica (1)

• Jurassic of Antarctica (1), Canada (7: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (8), China (4), Denmark (8), Egypt (2), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (3), France (15), Germany (19), Greenland (83), Hungary (1), India (4), Iran (1), Italy (3), Japan (7), Kenya (9), Luxembourg (5), Madagascar (7), Mexico (3), New Zealand (9), Poland (3), the Russian Federation (12), Saudi Arabia (6), Slovenia (1), Somalia (7), Switzerland (28), Tanzania (19), Thailand (5), Tunisia (1), the United Kingdom (52), United States (51: Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

• Triassic of Austria (5), China (5), Germany (6), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Japan (1), Peru (1), United States (7: Alaska, Oregon)

• Devonian of Italy (1), Poland (1)

• Silurian of the Czech Republic (2), Italy (1), Poland (3)

• Ordovician of the Czech Republic (1)

Total: 1230 collections including 1679 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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