Family Brissidae Gray 1855 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida - Brissidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1855. Catalogue of the Recent Echinida, or Sea Eggs, in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Echinida Irregularia. Woodfall & Kinder, London 1-69

Parent taxon: Brissidina according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Fischer 1966, McNamara 1992 and Ragaini 1994

Sister taxa: Antillasteridae, Asterostomatidae, Palaeotropidae, Spatangidea

Subtaxa: Arcaechinus Brissopatagus Brissopsidae Brissopsis Brissus Cionobrissus Cyclaster Diplodetus Eupatagus Fernandezaster Fourtaunia Gillechinus Gualtieria Hernandezaster Herreraster Hikelaster Hysteraster Lajanaster Macropneustes Mariania Mauritanaster Megapneustes Meoma Metalia Migliorinia Pharaonaster Plagiobrissus Plesiopatagus Radiobrissus Rhynobrissus Rojasia Stomaporus Taimanawa Trachypatagus

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Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Mexico (1 collection), Micronesia (1), New Zealand (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Taiwan (1), United States (1: South Carolina)

• Pliocene of Cuba (1), Egypt (2), Fiji (2), Japan (4), Mexico (3), United States (3: Florida, South Carolina)

• Miocene of Algeria (3), Australia (10), Brazil (1), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (4), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Egypt (1), Fiji (2), Indonesia (2), Italy (8), Japan (6), Malta (2), Micronesia (2), Moldova (3), New Zealand (5), Ukraine (1), United States (2: California, Florida)

• Waitakian of New Zealand (6)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Malta (3), Papua New Guinea (1)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (1), Australia (2), Cuba (1), Haiti (1), India (4), Iran (1), Jamaica (1), Jordan (1), Mexico (1), New Zealand (4), Somalia (1), United States (10: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Texas)

• Whaingaroan of New Zealand (7)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Cuba (1), United States (1: Georgia)

• Eocene of Australia (4), Cuba (7), Egypt (3), France (1), Haiti (1), Jamaica (1), Libya (1), Mexico (1), New Zealand (5), Pakistan (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (36: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Denmark (1), Kazakhstan (1), the Netherlands (1), Spain (1)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of the Netherlands (2)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (6), Cuba (1), France (2), Germany (3), Kazakhstan (2), the Netherlands (3), Spain (5)

Total: 216 collections including 274 occurrences

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