Tribe Elephantini Gray 1821 (elephant)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Parent taxon: Elephantinae according to N. Rohland et al. 2010

See also McKenna and Bell 1997 and Shoshani and Tassy 2005

Sister taxa: Loxodontini, Primelephas

Subtaxa: Elephantina Elephas Loxodontina Mammuthus

View classification

Type: Elephas

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), Azerbaijan (1), Belgium (1), Canada (29: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, Yukon), China (8), Croatia (1), Cyprus (1), the Czech Republic (3), Djibouti (4), Egypt (1), El Salvador (2), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (117), France (16), Georgia (2), Germany (33), Greece (64), Guatemala (4), Honduras (1), Hungary (2), India (4), Indonesia (6), Israel (4), Italy (32), Japan (10), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (40), Kyrgyzstan (1), Malta (1), Mexico (18), Mongolia (1), Morocco (2), Myanmar (2), Namibia (1), the Netherlands (6), Nicaragua (1), the Philippines (1), Portugal (6), Romania (16), the Russian Federation (16), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovakia (1), South Africa (5), Spain (20), Sri Lanka (1), Syria (1), Taiwan (2), Tajikistan (1), Tanzania (24), Turkey (2), Turkmenistan (6), the United Kingdom (20), United States (274: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming)

• Blancan of Mexico (1), United States (3: California, Idaho, New Mexico)

• Pliocene to Holocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (4), Djibouti (1), Ethiopia (7), France (2), Greece (5), Italy (4), Kenya (16), Malawi (3), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Uganda (2)

• Pliocene of Azerbaijan (1), China (1), Ethiopia (26), Georgia (1), Greece (2), Hungary (4), India (5), Indonesia (10), Italy (10), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (8), Malawi (2), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), Romania (6), the Russian Federation (5), South Africa (3), Spain (1), Tajikistan (2), Tanzania (1), Ukraine (2), Uzbekistan (1)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Ethiopia (3), Kenya (2), South Africa (3), Uganda (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (1), the Netherlands (1), South Africa (1)

• Neogene of Nicaragua (1), Taiwan (2), United States (1: West Virginia)

• Miocene of Italy (1), Thailand (1), United States (1: Nebraska)

Total: 988 collections including 1055 occurrences

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