Subfamily Elephantinae Gray 1821 (elephant)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Parent taxon: Elephantidae according to E. I. Rogaev et al. 2006

See also McKenna and Bell 1997, Shoshani and Tassy 1996 and Shoshani and Tassy 2005

Sister taxa: Selenetherium, Stegodibelodon, Stegodon, Stegodontinae, Stegotetrabelodon, Stegotetrabelodontinae, Suina

Subtaxa: Elephantini Loxodontini Primelephas

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Type: Elephas

Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (2 collections), Azerbaijan (1), Belgium (1), Canada (29: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, Yukon), China (8), the Congo-Kinshasa (2), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Croatia (1), Cyprus (1), the Czech Republic (3), Djibouti (4), Egypt (2), El Salvador (2), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (118), France (16), Georgia (2), Germany (33), Greece (64), Guatemala (4), Honduras (1), Hungary (2), India (4), Indonesia (6), Israel (4), Italy (32), Japan (10), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (44), Kyrgyzstan (1), Libya (1), Malta (1), Mexico (18), Mongolia (1), Morocco (5), Myanmar (2), Namibia (1), the Netherlands (6), Nicaragua (1), the Philippines (1), Portugal (6), Romania (16), the Russian Federation (17), Rwanda (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovakia (1), South Africa (19), Spain (20), Sri Lanka (1), Sudan (2), Syria (1), Taiwan (2), Tajikistan (1), Tanzania (30), Turkey (2), Turkmenistan (6), the United Kingdom (20), United States (274: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming), Zambia (1)

• Blancan of Mexico (1), United States (3: California, Idaho, New Mexico)

• Pliocene to Holocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Congo-Kinshasa (4), Djibouti (1), Ethiopia (7), France (2), Greece (5), Italy (4), Kenya (17), Malawi (4), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Uganda (2)

• Pliocene of Azerbaijan (1), Chad (8), China (1), Ethiopia (32), Georgia (1), Greece (2), Hungary (4), India (5), Indonesia (10), Italy (10), Kazakhstan (1), Kenya (17), Malawi (2), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), Romania (6), the Russian Federation (5), South Africa (3), Spain (1), Tajikistan (2), Tanzania (25), Uganda (2), Ukraine (2), Uzbekistan (1)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chad (1), Ethiopia (5), Kenya (5), South Africa (4), Tanzania (3), Uganda (11)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Ethiopia (1), Kenya (1), the Netherlands (1), South Africa (1)

• Neogene of Nicaragua (1), Taiwan (2), United States (1: West Virginia)

• Miocene of Chad (4), Italy (1), Kenya (4), South Africa (1), Tanzania (1), Thailand (1), United States (1: Nebraska)

Total: 1108 collections including 1222 occurrences

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