Suborder Balistoidei Kumar and Loyal 1987 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Tetraodontiformes

Full reference: K. Kumar and R. S. Loyal. 1987. Eocene ichthyofauna from the Subathu Formation, Northwestern Himalaya, India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India 32:60-84

Parent taxon: Tetraodontiformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Bannikov 2014, Fierstine et al. 2012 and Kumar and Loyal 1987

Sister taxa: Alutera, Atlanticopristis, Balistomorphus, Bolcabalistidae, Cretatriacanthus, Cryptobalistes, Eodiodon, Eoplectidae, Eospinus, Indotrigonodon, Kyrtogymnodon, Moloidei, Oligodiodon, Oligolactoria, Ostracioidei, Pisdurodon, Plectocretacicus, Progymnodon, Protobalistidae, Tetraodontoidei, Triacanthodoidei, Triacanthoidei, Triacanthus, Trigonodontoidae, Triodon, Zignoichthyidae

Subtaxa: Balistidae Eotrigonodontidae Monacanthidae

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the Marshall Islands (2 collections), United States (3: Florida, Georgia, South Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of South Africa (1), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Costa Rica (1), the Czech Republic (1), Indonesia (1), Mexico (1), Peru (1), Poland (1), Spain (1), United States (2: North Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of the Russian Federation (1)

• Eocene of India (3), Pakistan (1), Saudi Arabia (1), the United Kingdom (6)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Mali (1), Saudi Arabia (1)

• Cretaceous of India (2), Morocco (1)

Total: 38 collections including 39 occurrences

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