†family Carapidae Jordan and Fowler 1902 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Ophidiiformes - Carapidae

Parent taxon: Ophidiiformes according to W. Schwarzhans and A. Bratischko 2011

See also Frizzell and Dante 1965

Sister taxa: Benthocometes, Bythitoidei, Dannevigia, Dermatopsis, Diplacanthopoma, Dipulus, Monomitopus, Ophididae, Ophidioidei, Propteridium, Rhodichthyidae, Saccogaster, Sirembo

Subtaxa: Carapus Echiodon Encheliophis Fierasferoides Onuxodon

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore-parasite

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Greece (4 collections), Italy (4), United States (1: Louisiana)

• Pliocene of Greece (1), Jamaica (1)

• Miocene of Greece (1), Italy (3)

• Oligocene of Germany (1), Hungary (2)

• Eocene of France (3), Germany (1), Indonesia (1), United States (5: California, Louisiana, Texas)

• Paleocene of Ukraine (1)

Total: 29 collections including 39 occurrences

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