Family Ophidiidae Rafinesque 1810 (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Ophidiiformes - Ophidiidae

Parent taxon: Ophidioidei according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Bannikov 2014, Carnevale et al. 2014, Ebersole et al. 2019, Fierstine et al. 2012, Frizzell and Dante 1965, Jordan 1963, Lin et al. 2017, Lin et al. 2017, Schwarzhans 2003 and Schwarzhans and Bratischko 2011

Sister taxon: Ophidioidae

Subtaxa: Aequalobythites Bassozetus Chilara Genypterus Hoplobrotuloides Lepophidium Neobythitinae Nolfophidion Ophidiidarum Ophidion Ophidium voltianum Otophidium Sirembinae Sirembola

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore-parasite

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Greece (4 collections), Italy (2), United States (2: California, Louisiana)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Jamaica (1), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Germany (1), Italy (3), New Zealand (1), Panama (7), Spain (1)

• Oligocene of Australia (1), Germany (1), Hungary (1)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), France (6), Germany (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (8: Louisiana, Texas)

• Paleocene of Denmark (4), Ukraine (1)

• Tertiary of United States (1: Mississippi)

• Cretaceous of United States (1: Maryland)

Total: 63 collections including 116 occurrences

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