Scaphander Monfort 1810 (snail)

Gastropoda - Opisthobranchia - Cylichnidae

Alternative spelling: Bulla (Scaphander)

Parent taxon: Cylichnidae according to M. Harzhauser and O. Mandic 2001

See also Abbass 1967, Addicott 1970, Durham 1944, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1995, Hickman 1980, MacNeil 1960, Moore 1976, Nielson and Valdovinos 2008, Olsson 1964, Sepkoski 2002, Skwarko 1994, Sohl 1964, Squires 1984, Squires 1987, Squires and Demetrion 1992, Todd 2001, Turner 1938, Wienrich and Janssen 2007 and Woodring 1928

Sister taxa: Abderospira, Acteocina, Bullaria, Bullichna, Cylichna, Cylichnania, Cylichnella, Philine, Suwannescapha, Taita

Subtaxa: Bulla (Scaphander) elegans Scaphander (Mirascapha) Scaphander (Scaphander) Scaphander alaskensis Scaphander brevicula Scaphander costatus Scaphander impunctatus Scaphander interruptus Scaphander javanus Scaphander jugularis Scaphander nannus Scaphander oligoturritus Scaphander polysarcus Scaphander radii Scaphander rarus Scaphander remondi Scaphander stewarti Scaphander washingtonensis

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Chile (1 collection), Costa Rica (1), Fiji (1)

• Pliocene of Belgium (2), Chile (7), Ecuador (1), India (1), Jamaica (2), the Netherlands (1), Panama (4), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1), United States (1: Alaska)

• Miocene of Austria (1), Belgium (8), Brazil (2), Chile (10), Cuba (1), France (2), Germany (17), Grenada (1), India (2), Indonesia (2), Iran (1), Italy (1), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (4), Pakistan (1), Panama (4), Poland (1), United States (12: California, Florida)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (5: California, Florida)

• Oligocene of Austria (1), Canada (1: British Columbia), Jamaica (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (1), United States (34: Alaska, California, Florida, Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (5: Oregon)

• Eocene of Antarctica (8), Croatia (1), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (1), Indonesia (3), Italy (2), Jamaica (1), Japan (2), Mexico (1), Pakistan (1), Panama (4), the Russian Federation (4), the United Kingdom (11), United States (79: Alabama, California, Florida, Mississippi, Oregon, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of the Russian Federation (1)

• Paleocene of Argentina (1), France (1), Germany (1), Mexico (1), Poland (2), United States (17: Alabama, California, Maryland, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (2), United States (6: California, Tennessee, Texas)

Total: 297 collections including 306 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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