Turricula Schumacher 1817 (turrid)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae

Alternative spelling: Mitra (Turricula)

Synonyms: Clavatula (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Pleurotoma (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Surcula Adams and Adams 1853, Turricula (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853, Turris (Surcula) Adams and Adams 1853

Parent taxon: Clavatulidae according to M. Harzhauser et al. 2009

See also Abbass 1967, Addicott 1970, Baluk 2003, Bohm 1926, Covacevich and Frassinetti 1986, Durham 1944, Gabb 1866, Hendy 2007, Hickman 1976, Hickman 1980, MacNeil 1960, Mansfield 1925, Maury 1917, Moore 1984, Mukerjee 1939, Olsson 1931, Oostingh 1935, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1999, Turner 1938, Vredenburg 1921, Wilson 1994, Woodring 1928, Woodring 1970 and Woods 1922

Sister taxa: Clavatula, Clionella, Glibertturricula, Pusionella, Cocklespira, Pseudocochlespira, Knefastia, Austrocarina, Marshallena, Fusiturricula, Orthosurcula, Pyramimitra, Nodisurculina, Microsurcula, Paradrillia, Vexitomina, Paracomitas, Mariaturricula, Clivuloturris, Austrosullivania, Makiyamaia, Fusisyrinx

Subtaxa: Pleurotoma (Surcula) tryoniana Surcula africana Surcula andersoni Surcula birmanica Surcula clarki Surcula cohni Surcula culleni Surcula fairbanksi Surcula gesteri Surcula holwayi Surcula ingens Surcula io Surcula iravadica Surcula karenaica Surcula labiata Surcula marylandica Surcula mayi Surcula merriami Surcula piura Surcula praeattenuata Surcula riomaonis Surcula sullana Surcula thompsoni Surcula uvasana Surcula wateleti Turricula (Crenaturricula) Turricula (Leptosurcula) Turricula (Surcula) steinbacherae Turricula beanensis Turricula bremertonensis Turricula bulwaldana Turricula burroensis Turricula calafia Turricula cooperi Turricula emerita Turricula eolavinia Turricula esdailei Turricula excelsa Turricula flammea Turricula hanguensis Turricula haydeni Turricula kayalensis Turricula keaseyensis Turricula nelliae Turricula ochsneri Turricula piercei Turricula praepromensis Turricula promensis Turricula rossellae Turricula sethuramae Turricula spuria Turricula taurina Turricula terryi Turricula thangaensis Turricula tornata Turricula waringi Turricula washingtoniana

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Type: Murex tornatus

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (1 collection), Mexico (1), Taiwan (9), Thailand (1), Vanuatu (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (4), Taiwan (1)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (2), Fiji (1), India (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (8), Papua New Guinea (1), the Philippines (1)

• Miocene of Ecuador (4), India (9), Indonesia (9), Italy (5), Japan (3), Myanmar (3), Papua New Guinea (1), United States (4: California)

• Oligocene of Hungary (1), United States (18: California, Mississippi, Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (1: Oregon)

• Eocene of Angola (1), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (1), Colombia (3), France (5), Indonesia (2), Mexico (1), Namibia (1), New Zealand (1), Nigeria (2), Pakistan (3), Peru (2), the Russian Federation (1), the United Kingdom (9), United States (109: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Belgium (1), Denmark (1), France (1), Greenland (4), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (1), Poland (2), United States (8: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Poland (3), United States (2: Tennessee, Texas)

Total: 259 collections including 336 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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