†subfamily Cerithiinae Fleming 1822 (cerith snail)

Gastropoda - Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae

Synonyms: Colininae Golokov and Starobogatov 1987, Collininae Golokov and Starobogatov 1987, Rhinoclavinae GrĂ¼ndel 1982

Parent taxon: Cerithiidae according to M. Harzhauser et al. 2009

See also Bouchet et al. 2005, Givens and Kennedy 1976, Harzhauser 2004, Harzhauser 2007, Hoerle 1972, MacNeil 1960, Squires 1984 and Squires 1987

Sister taxa: Alabininae, Argyropeza, Bellatara, Bezanconia, Bittiinae, Bittiolum, Cerithioclava, Cestumcerithium, Chavanicerithium, Crenatocerithium, Cupaniella, Dirocerithium, Elassum, Eocerithium, Fastigiella, Hemicerithium, Iddingsella, Jetwoodsia, Liocerithium, Nudivagus, Occidentocerithium, Orthochetus, Portoricia, Prismacerithium, Pseudoaluco, Rhinoclavus, Royella, Schroederium, Serratocerithium, Sundabittium, Taxonia, Uchauxiinae, Zefallacia

Subtaxa: Cerithium Clypeomorus Colina Druidwilsonia Gourmya Rhinoclavis Voysa Wendella

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Ecology: epifaunal grazer

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (11 collections), the Bahamas (4), Bermuda (10), Brazil (1), Cayman Islands (4), China (6), Cuba (5), Djibouti (7), the Dominican Republic (3), Ecuador (3), Egypt (1), Eritrea (4), Fiji (1), France (1), French Polynesia (1), Guam (3), Haiti (7), India (3), Italy (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (10), Kenya (8), the Marshall Islands (6), Mexico (4), Mozambique (1), Namibia (1), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (2), Peru (2), the Philippines (1), Saudi Arabia (5), the Seychelles (9), South Africa (7), Spain (2), Sudan (1), United States (44: California, Florida, Hawaii, North Carolina), Vanuatu (4), Venezuela (2), Yemen (3)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Guam (1), Malaysia (6), Mexico (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Algeria (1), Australia (2), Costa Rica (4), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (18), Ecuador (2), Fiji (1), Haiti (1), India (1), Indonesia (13), Italy (1), Jamaica (6), Japan (10), Mexico (1), Pakistan (3), Papua New Guinea (1), the Philippines (3), Romania (1), Trinidad and Tobago (13), the United Kingdom (4), United States (7: California, Florida), Vanuatu (3), Venezuela (4)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (9)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Australia (6), Austria (7), Brazil (7), Colombia (18), Cyprus (3), the Dominican Republic (74), Fiji (1), France (1), Greece (1), Grenada (2), Haiti (1), Hungary (4), India (1), Indonesia (23), Iran (2), Italy (2), Japan (23), Libya (1), Madagascar (2), Malaysia (1), the Marshall Islands (6), Moldova (2), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Oman (1), Pakistan (5), Panama (9), Peru (3), the Philippines (1), Poland (1), Romania (4), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (3), Somalia (3), Spain (1), Trinidad and Tobago (7), Turkey (4), Ukraine (3), United States (32: Florida, Rhode Island), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (3)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Haiti (1), United States (8: Florida, Georgia)

• Oligocene of Argentina (1), Belgium (1), Ecuador (1), Greece (4), Haiti (1), Hungary (4), India (2), Iran (2), Italy (1), Mexico (1), Oman (2), Pakistan (3), Somalia (3), Turkey (1), United States (21: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi)

• Eocene of Australia (8), Bosnia and Herzegovina (2), Bulgaria (2), Colombia (3), Croatia (4), Egypt (2), France (33), Haiti (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (5), Jamaica (1), Mexico (5), the Netherlands Antilles (1), Pakistan (16), Panama (5), Peru (2), Romania (1), Somalia (1), Spain (10), Turkey (4), the United Kingdom (15), United States (11: Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Pakistan (1), Turkey (2)

• Paleocene of Antarctica (1), Austria (1), Belgium (2), Bulgaria (1), Colombia (1), Denmark (2), Egypt (2), France (1), Germany (1), Greenland (1), Mexico (1), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (2), Poland (3), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (7: Alabama, Georgia, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (4), Argentina (1), Austria (1), Brazil (2), the Dominican Republic (1), Egypt (9), Ethiopia (1), France (4), Germany (5), Madagascar (3), Mexico (4), Poland (12), Saudi Arabia (1), Spain (4), Switzerland (8), the United Kingdom (2), United States (81: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming), Venezuela (1)

• Jurassic of Ethiopia (1), France (4), Germany (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (1: California)

• Triassic of Italy (6), United States (1: Alaska)

Total: 969 collections including 1561 occurrences

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