Family Testudinidae Batsch 1788 (turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Pantestudinidae

Parent taxon: Pantestudinidae according to E. Vlachos 2018

See also Andrews 1906, Antunes and de Broin 1977, Baur 1893, Böhme 2008, Carroll 1988, Cope 1871, Cope 1875, de la Fuente et al. 2018, Estes 1964, Estes and Berberian 1970, Frank and Ramus 1996, Gadow 1898, Gaffney 1975, Garcia et al. 2016, Gray 1869, Hay 1902, Hervet 2003, Hutchison et al. 2004, Joyce et al. 2004, Karl 2007, Kuhn 1946, Kuhn 1966, Lambe 1908, Lapparent de Broin 2002, Leidy 1873, Lydekker 1889, Manzano et al. 2009, Meylan and Auffenberg 1986, Meylan and Sterrer 2000, Owen 1842, Pérez-García et al. 2013, Pérez-García et al. 2017, Staesche et al. 2007, Stirton 1953, Takahashi et al. 2003, Thurmond and Jones 1981, Turvey et al. 2017, van Dijk et al. 2014, Vlachos and Delfino 2016, Vlachos et al. 2015, Vlachos et al. 2014, Vlachos and Tsoukala 2014, Vlachos and Tsoukala 2016 and Zacarias et al. 2013

Sister taxa: Cymatholcus, Hadrianus, Oligopherus

Subtaxa: Achilemys Agrionemys Aldabrachelys Anhuichelys Astrochelys Cachuga Caryoderma Centrochelys Cheirogaster Chelonoidis Chelys patagonica Chersina Chersine Cylindraspis Damonia Emys sombrerensis Ergilemys Floridemys Floridemys hurdi Fontainechelon Geochelone Geochelone (Chelonoidis) Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) equicomes Gigantochersina Gopherus Gopherus praecedens Hesperotestudo Homopus Impregnochelys Indotestudo Juvemys Kansuchelys Kinixys Malacochersus Manouria Megalochelys Mesochersus Miotestudo Namibchersus Nicoria Palaeoemys Paleotestudo Pelorochelon Platysterninae Protestudo Psammobates Pyxis Sinohadrianus Stigmochelys Stylemys Stylemys calaverensis Taraschelon Testudininae Testudininei Testudinites sellovii Testudo Testudo annae Testudo atascosae Testudo castrensis Testudo cultrata Testudo exornata Testudo formosa Testudo francisi Testudo hayi Testudo klettiana Testudo laticaudata Testudo louisekressmani Testudo luciae Testudo ocalana Testudo paranensis Testudo peragrans Testudo quadratus Testudo undata Titanochelon

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Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore-herbivore

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