Elephas maximus Linnaeus 1758 (Asian elephant)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

Synonyms: Elephas asiaticus Blumenbach 1797, Elephas gigas Perry 1811

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Elephas according to N. Rohland et al. 2010

See also Allen 1936, Andrews 1903, Hay 1902, Linnaeus 1758, Rogaev et al. 2006, Shoshani and Eisenberg 1982 and Thomas 1911

Sister taxa: Elephas (Euelephas), Elephas beyeri, Elephas falconeri, Elephas melitensis, Elephas moghrebiensis, Elephas nawataensis, Elephas priscus, Loxodonta (Palaeoloxodon) tokunagai, Palaeoloxodon recki, Palaeoloxodon cypriotes, Palaeoloxodon creutzburgi, Palaeoloxodon antiquus, Palaeoloxodon lomolinoi, Palaeoloxodon xylophagou, Palaeoloxodon tiliensis, Palaeoloxodon mnaidriensis, Elephas (Palaeoloxodon) cephallonicus, Palaeoloxodon naumanni

Subtaxa: Elephas maximus indicus Elephas maximus maximus Elephas maximus sumatranus

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Average measurements (in mm): femur circumference 304.8

Estimated body mass: 3.99 tons based on femur circumference

Distribution:

• Quaternary of India (1 collection), Indonesia (1), Taiwan (1)

Total: 3 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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