Balcombe Clay (Miocene of Australia)

Where: Victoria, Australia (38.2° S, 145.0° E: paleocoordinates 47.0° S, 143.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Balcombe Clay Formation, Middle Miocene (16.0 - 11.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Balcombe Clay. AGE: middle Middle Miocene (Balcombian) according to Beu and Darragh (2001). STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From multiple localities and horizons, hence assigned to a "formation" scale.

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; claystone

• ENVIRONMENT: Environment not reported in text, presumably shallow marine siliciclastic setting.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Claystone. LITHIFICATION: Unknown lithification, note stated in text.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: COLLECTOR: Multiple, unknown collectors. REPOSITORY: Various repositories, including the Museum of Victoria, Melborne, Victoria, Australia.

Primary reference: A. G. Beu and T.A. Darragh. 2001. Revision of southern Australian Cenozoic fossil Pectinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Proceedings of the Royal Sociey of Victoria 113(1):1-205 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 72188: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 27.05.2007, edited by Pete Wagner and Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Restricted list, only comprising bivalvia. NOMENCLATURE: Modern nomenclature, with species-level assignments.
Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Goneplacidae
Ommatocarcinus corioensis2 Creswell 1886 crab
Bivalvia
 Trigoniida - Trigoniidae
Eotrigonia tubulifera Tate 1885 clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
Athleta (Ternivoluta) antiscalaris McCoy 1866 volute
SUBSPECIES: A. (T.) antiscalaris antiscalaris
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Jetwoodsia apheles3 Tenison Woods 1879 cerith snail
Fossil Beach & Schnapper Point.
Chondrichthyes
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Oxyrhina hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis1
"Oxyrhina hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis1 Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Lamna apiculata1 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
Lamna crassidens1 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark