Fossil Rock Stack (Pliocene of Australia)

Also known as Forsyth's Bank

Where: Victoria, Australia (37.7° S, 141.9° E: paleocoordinates 40.5° S, 141.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Grange Burn Formation, Zanclean (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• Age after Boessenecker et al., 2019.

•Earliest Early Pliocene (Dickison et al. 2002)

Environment/lithology: mire or swamp; shelly/skeletal, sandy marl

• mildly seasonal, humid climate, wet forest
• shelly marl and sandy to pebbly limestone

Size classes: macrofossils, microfossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: E. M. G. Fitzgerald. 2004. A review of the Tertiary fossil Cetacea (Mammalia) localities in Australia. Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria 61(2):183-208 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 51335: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 02.06.2005, edited by Austin Hendy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Decapoda - Goneplacidae
Ommatocarcinus corioensis1 Creswell 1886 crab
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus escheri Agassiz 1843 mako shark
Carcharodon carcharias Linnaeus 1758 great white shark
 Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae
Heterodontus cainozoicus Pledge 1985 bullhead shark
 Chimaeriformes - Callorhinchidae
Edaphodon sweeti Chapman and Pritchard 1907 plownose chimaera
 Chimaeriformes - Callorhynchidae
Ischyodus cf. dolloi plownose chimaera
 Diprotodontia - Macropodidae
Macropodidae indet.2 Gray 1821 kangaroo
Kurrabi sp. Flannery and Archer 1984 kangaroo
 Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenoptera sp. Lacépède 1804 rorqual
 Cetacea - Cetotheriidae
"Cetotheriidae" indet. Brandt 1872 whale
 Cetacea - Physeteridae
Physeteridae indet. Gray 1821 sperm whale
cf. Physeter sp. Linnaeus 1758 sperm whale
 Cetacea -
cf. Scaldicetus sp. Du Bus 1867 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Delphinidae
? Delphinidae indet. Gray 1821 dolphin
 Cetacea - Ziphiidae
cf. Mesoplodon sp. Gervais 1850 beaked whale