Miste (Miocene of Netherlands)

Where: Netherlands (52.0° N, 6.7° E: paleocoordinates 52.2° N, 5.2° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Aalten Member, Langhian (16.0 - 13.8 Ma)

• Miste bed...represents lower part of Aalten Member. Correlated with deposits in North Sea Basin. Langhian age from Schneider & Heissig (2005).

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; glauconitic, phosphatic, shelly/skeletal, green, silty, sandy siliciclastic sediments

• Miste Bed, a sand with a variable silt and clay content...is represented by about 3 m of dark green glauconitic sand very rich in quartz and wuth shells and phospharite concentrations.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: Zoological Museum Amsterdam

Primary reference: M. van den Bosch, M. C. Cadee, and A. W. Janssen. 1975. Lithostratigraphical and biostratigraphical subdivision of Tertiary deposits (Oligocene-Pliocene) in the Winterswijk-Almelo region (eastern part of the Netherlands). Scripta Geologica 29:1-167 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 45505: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Nick Pyenson on 26.10.2004, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina biforis angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
Squalus sp. Linnaeus 1758 dogfish shark
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp. Linnaeus 1758 skate
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp. Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
"Aetobatis arcuatus" = Aetobatis irregularis, Rhinoptera sp.
"Aetobatis arcuatus" = Aetobatis irregularis Agassiz 1843 eagle ray
Rhinoptera sp. Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
Cetorhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Isurus benedeni" = Parotodus benedeni, "Procarcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Isurus benedeni" = Parotodus benedeni Le Hon 1871 mackerel shark
"Procarcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus retroflexus Agassiz 1843 mako shark
Lamna catticua mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis molassica sand tiger shark
Odontaspis vorax le Hon 1871 sand tiger shark
Odontaspis acutissima Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Scoliodon taxandriae requiem shark
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Paragaleus sp. Budker 1935 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Galeorhinus sp. de Blainville and Prévost 1816 school shark
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus distans Probst 1879 shark
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Hexanchus primigenius sixgill shark
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Miophoca cf. vetusta2 Zapfe 1937 seal
 Cetacea - Eurhinodelphinidae
"Eurhinodelphis cristatus" = Xiphiacetus cristatus3, Vanbreenia trigonia n. gen. n. sp.1
"Eurhinodelphis cristatus" = Xiphiacetus cristatus3 Du Bus 1872 toothed whale
Vanbreenia trigonia n. gen. n. sp.1 Bianucci and Landini 2002 toothed whale