Solnhofen (Jurassic of Germany)

Where: Bavaria, Germany (48.9° N, 11.2° E: paleocoordinates 40.1° N, 19.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Upper Member (Solnhofen Formation), Early/Lower Tithonian (150.8 - 145.0 Ma)

• Lithographic limestone

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; lithified, gray lime mudstone

• Tectonically inactive area.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: adpression

Collection methods: bulk, mechanical,

Primary reference: P. Wellnhofer. 1975. Die Rhamphorhynchoidea (Pterosauria) der Oberjura-Plattenkalke Süddeutschlands, Teil II, Systematische Beschreibung. Palaeontographica Abteilung A 148:132-186 [R. Butler/R. Butler]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 29012: authorized by Conrad Labandeira, entered by Andrew Spencer-Lee on 13.03.2003, edited by Richard Butler, Roger Benson, Jonathan Tennant, Terri Cleary and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Testudines - Thalassemydidae
Acichelys redenbacheri n. sp.1 Meyer 1839 turtle
 Testudines - Eurysternidae
Eurysternum wagleri n. sp.4, Solnhofia parsonsi n. gen. n. sp.4
Eurysternum wagleri n. sp.4 Meyer 1839 turtle
Destroyed during WW2
Solnhofia parsonsi n. gen. n. sp.4 Gaffney 1975 turtle
SM 137, TM 4023
 Pterosauria -
Germanodactylus rhamphastinus2 Wagner 1851 pterosaur
MCZ 1886
Pterodactylus sp.5 Cuvier 1809 pterosaur
MAFI V.08.823.1, isolated but articulated hindlimb (V.27889)
Pterodactylus micronyx n. sp.5 Meyer 1856 pterosaur
Holotype: ELTE V 265
 Pterosauria - Rhamphorhynchidae
"Rhamphorhynchus muensteri" = Rhamphorhynchus muensteri5, "Pterodactylus longicaudus n. sp." = Rhamphorhynchus muensteri, "Rhamphorhynchus cf. longicaudus" = Rhamphorhynchus muensteri
"Rhamphorhynchus muensteri" = Rhamphorhynchus muensteri5 Goldfuss 1831 pterosaur
MTM V 2008, 3D skeleton (precise locality data unknown)
"Pterodactylus longicaudus n. sp." = Rhamphorhynchus muensteri Goldfuss 1831 pterosaur
Teyler-Museum 6924 (holotype), Pal Museum Uppsala 150, Philosophisch-Theologische Hochschule Eichstatt 1966. Burgermeister-Muller-Museum specimen,
"Rhamphorhynchus cf. longicaudus" = Rhamphorhynchus muensteri Goldfuss 1831 pterosaur
CM 11 433, Mineralogy Museum Copenhagen 45/1, 1891.740
 Loricata - Metriorhynchidae
Geosaurus giganteus6 Sömmerring 1816 marine crocodile
BMNH 37016, tooth crown lacking apex, base, and root; BMNH 37020, skull and mandible embedded within lithographic limestone, only visible in left lateral view
 Rhynchocephalia - Homoeosauridae
Homoeosaurus solnhofensis n. sp.3 Cocude-Michel 1963 rhynchocephalian
SMF R 4073 (holotype), partial skeleton