Hammerschmiede 5 channel (Miocene of Germany)

Also known as HAM 5

Where: Bavaria, Germany (47.9° N, 10.6° E: paleocoordinates 47.7° N, 10.4° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Tortonian (11.6 - 7.2 Ma)

Environment/lithology: channel lag; gravel

• The HAM 5 channel represents a riffle pool sequence of a small and shal-low meandering rivulet with a talweg width of 4–5 m and a maximum pool depth of 1 m. The gravelly bed load is composed exclusively of reworked pedogenic carbonate concretions that are typically 4–8 mm in diameter. Similar concretions are abundant in Bk palaeosol horizons of the bedrock, indicating a local source of HAM 5 rivulet

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Collected in 2011-2018

Collection methods: quarrying, ,

• All Hammerschmiede fossils are stored in the palaeontological col-lection of the University of Tübingen (acronym GPIT), a research infrastructure of the Senckenberg Institute for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment (SHEP) Tübingen.

Primary reference: M. Bohme, N. Spassov, J. Fuss, A. Troscher, A. S. Deane, J. Prieto, T. Lechner and D. R. Begun. 2019. A new Miocene ape and locomotion in the ancestor of great apes and humans. Nature 1-18 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 206345: authorized by Evangelos Vlachos, entered by Evangelos Vlachos on 13.11.2019

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Taxonomic list is given in the Table 1 of the Supplementary Information
unclassified
  -
Actinopteri
 Esociformes - Esocidae
Esox sp. Linnaeus 1758 pike
 Perciformes -
Perca sp. Linnaeus 1758 perch
 Perciformes - Gobioidei
Gobius sp. Linnaeus 1758 goby
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
Sciaenidae indet. Cuvier 1828
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Barbus sp. Cuvier and Cloquet 1816 carp-like fish
Palaeoleuciscus sp. Obrhelová 1969 carp-like fish
Leuciscus sp. Cuvier 1817 carp-like fish
Tinca sp. Cuvier 1817 carp-like fish
 Siluriformes - Siluridae
Silurus sp. Linnaeus 1758 catfish
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Eopelobates sp. Parker 1929 spadefoot toad
 Salientia -
Latonia gigantea Lartet 1851 frog
 Salientia - Ranidae
Pelophylax sp. Fitzinger 1843 frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo cf. viridis Laurenti 1768 European green toad
 Caudata - Urodela
Andrias scheuchzeri Tschudi 1837 giant salamander
Chelotriton sp. Pomel 1853 newt
Triturus sp. Rafinesque 1815 newt
Mioproteus sp. Estes and Darevsky 1978 mudpuppy
Scapherpetontidae indet. Auffenberg and Goin 1959 salamander
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Chelydropsis sp. Peters 1868 turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Titanochelon sp. Pérez-García and Vlachos 2014 turtle
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758 turtle
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
Clemmydopsis sp. Boda 1927 turtle
Mauremys sarmatica Purschke 1885 pond turtle
Aves
 Ornithurae -
Galliformes indet. Temminck 1820 fowl
 Accipitriformes -
Accipitriformes indet. Vieillot 1816 bird
Reptilia
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 squamates
 Squamata - Anguidae
Pseudopus pannonicus Kormos 1911 legless lizard
Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803 glass lizard
 Squamata - Boidae
"Erycinae indet." = Erycidae
"Erycinae indet." = Erycidae Bonaparte 1825 sand boa
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubrinae sp. Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
Natricinae sp. Bonaparte 1838 colubrid snake
 Choristodera -
Lazarussuchus sp. Hecht 1992 choristodere
Mammalia
 Primates - Pliopithecidae
Pliopithecidae indet. Zapfe 1961 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
Danuvius guggenmosi n. gen. n. sp.
Danuvius guggenmosi n. gen. n. sp. Bohme et al. 2019 ape
 Rodentia - Anomalomyidae
Anomalomys gaudryi Mein and Freudenthal 1971 rodent
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Eumyarion latior Schaub and Zapfe 1953 mouse
Microtocricetus molassicus Fahlbusch and Mayr 1975 mouse
Megacricetodon minutus Daxner 1967 mouse
Democricetodon sp. Fahlbusch 1964 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Blackia miocaenica Mein 1970 squirrel
Spermophilinus bredai von Meyer 1848 squirrel
Albanensia grimmi Black 1966 squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys sp. Wagner 1840 dormouse
Microdyromys complicatus De Bruijn 1966 dormouse
Glirulus conjunctus Mayr 1979 Japanese dormouse
Muscardinus hispanicus de Bruijn 1966 dormouse
Myoglis meini de Bruijn 1966 dormouse
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
Keramidomys sp. Hartenberger 1966 rodent
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Euroxenomys minutus von Meyer 1838 beaver
 Lagomorpha -
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Prolagus oeningensis König 1825 pika
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Erinaceinae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 hedgehog
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmanella sp. Engesser 1972 mole
Proscapanus sp. Gaillard 1899 mole
Talpa sp. Linnaeus 1758 mole
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
Ancylotherium sp. Gaudry 1863 chalicothere
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Sinohippus sp. Zhai 1962 anchitheriine horse
 Tribosphenida - Plesiosoricidae
Plesiosorex schaffneri Engesser 1972 placental
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Soricidae indet. Fischer 1814 shrew
Paenelimnoecus crouzeli Baudelot 1972 red-toothed shrew
Crusafontina exulta red-toothed shrew
 Tribosphenida - Heterosoricidae
Dinosorex sp. Engesser 1972 placental
 Tribosphenida - Dimylidae
Metacordylodon schlosseri Andreae 1904 placental
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Kretzoiarctos beatrix Abella et al. 2011 bear
 Carnivora -
Musteloidea indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 carnivoran
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyon sp. Lartet 1836 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Trocharion albanense Forsyth-Major 1903 mustelid carnivore
Proputorius sansaniensis mustelid carnivore
Proputorius pusillus mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Felidae
Pseudaelurus quadridentatus de Blainville 1843 cat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Tetralophodon longirostris Kaup 1832 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium sp. Kaup 1825 deinothere
 Ungulata - Suidae
 Ungulata - Tragulidae
Dorcatherium naui Kaup 1833 chevrotain
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Miotragocerus monacensis Stromer 1928 antelope
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Muntiacini indet. Pockock 1923 deer
 Ungulata - Moschidae
Moschidae indet. Gray 1821 musk deer
Styriofelis vallesiensis
  -
"Styriofelis ? vallesiensis" = Leptofelis vallesiensis
"Styriofelis ? vallesiensis" = Leptofelis vallesiensis Salesa et al. 2012