Cudahy (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Cudahy ash mine (UK Loc. 10); Sunbrite ash mine (UK Loc. 17)

Where: Meade County, Kansas (37.2° N, 100.3° W: paleocoordinates 37.2° N, 100.1° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Pearlette Ash O Member ("Crooked Creek" Formation), Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: G. R. Paulson. 1961. The mammals of the Cudahy Fauna. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters 46:127-153 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]more details

PaleoDB collection 20301: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• ash has been dated by Naeser et al. 1973 (see Rock Creek)
below type O ash according to Zakrzewski 1975 and therefore probably above the Nash localities, which underlie the type S ash, but there is no clearcut evidence to support this interpretation
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Hylidae
Pseudacris triseriata4 Wied 1838 western chorus frog
"Pseudacris triseriata cf. triseriata"
Reptilia
 Squamata - Colubridae
Storeria sp.3 Baird and Girard 1853 brown snake
Thamnophis sp.3 Fitzinger 1843 garter snake
Nerodia sp.2 Baird and Girard 1853 water snake
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Reithrodontomys moorei Hibbard 1944 harvest mouse
Ondatra annectens Brown 1908 muskrat
Microtus paroperarius n. sp. Hibbard 1944 vole
"Pedomys llanensis" = Microtus llanensis Hibbard 1944 vole
"Terricola meadensis" = Microtus meadensis1 Hibbard 1944 vole
Mictomys meltoni1 Paulson 1961 bog lemming
Peromyscus cragini Hibbard 1944 deer mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus richardsonii1 Sabine 1822 ground squirrel
Spermophilus cf. lorisrusselli6 Hibbard 1976 ground squirrel
Spermophilus cf. tridecemlineatus1 Mitchell 1821 thirteen-lined ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Thomomys sp. Wied-Neuwied 1839 pocket gopher
Geomys tobinensis Hibbard 1944 pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Zapus cf. sandersi Hibbard 1956 jumping mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus sp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex lacustris Hibbard 1944 long-tailed shrew
Sorex cinereus Kerr 1792 cinereus shrew
named as type of "S. c. meadensis" by Jammot 1972
Sorex megapalustris Paulson 1961 long-tailed shrew
Sorex cudahyensis Hibbard 1944 long-tailed shrew
Sorex pratensis1 Hibbard 1944 long-tailed shrew
Blarina brevicauda7 Say 1823 northern short-tailed shrew
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Mustela cf. vison" = Neovison vison5, Mustela cf. erminea5
"Mustela cf. vison" = Neovison vison5 Schreber 1777 mink
supported by Anderson et al. 1986 and Anderson 1996, contra i.d. as "M. nigripes" by Hibbard 1970c and Bjork 1973
Mustela cf. erminea5 Linnaeus 1758 stoat
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis edwardii8 Gazin 1942 canine
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx sp. Harlan 1825 edentate
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus sp. Leconte 1848 peccary
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Antilocapridae indet. Gray 1866 pronghorn