Anita ( of the United States)

Also known as Val Verde Mine; UALP 7202

Where: Coconino County, Arizona (35.7° N, 112.4° W: paleocoordinates 35.8° N, 111.8° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Blancan to Blancan (4.9 - 0.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: O. P. Hay. 1921. Descriptions of species of Pleistocene Vertebrata, types or specimens of most of which are preserved in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 59:599-642 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/C. Bell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 19617: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• possibly early Irvingtonian, not Blancan: Nowak 1979
NISP 93, although this may be an overestimate due to postcranials all being counted as separate specimens
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Neotoma cinerea Ord 1815 bushy-tailed woodrat
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus tuitus1 Hay 1921 ground squirrel
Marmota arizonae n. sp. Hay 1921 marmot
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus benjamini n. sp. Hay 1921 hare
Alilepus browni1 Hay 1921 rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Taxidea taxus1 Schreber 1778 American badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis armbrusteri4 Gidley 1913 canine
Canis ? latrans Say 1823 coyote
OK according to Nowak 1979
Canis edwardii3 Gazin 1942 canine
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Chasmaporthetes ossifragus n. sp. Hay 1921 hyaena
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Tayassuidae indet.2 Palmer 1897 peccary
"? Mylohyus"
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Megatylopus sp.1 Matthew and Cook 1909 camel
Hemiauchenia sp.5 Gervais and Ameghino 1880 camel
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Antilocapridae indet.2 Gray 1866 pronghorn
"Antilocapra americana?"; no valid Blancan or Irvingtonian records, see Kurten and Anderson 1980, and specimen certainly does not seem determinate