Silver Lake (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Lake County, Oregon (43.1° N, 121.0° W: paleocoordinates 43.1° N, 121.0° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• Age after Warheit (2002). "Equus beds"

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: R. W. Shufeldt. 1891. Fossil birds from the Equus Beds of Oregon. American Naturalist 25:818-821 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 176222: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 02.02.2016

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Sterna ? forsteri, "Hydrochelidon nigra" = Chlidonias niger, Xema sabini, Larus robustus n. sp., Larus argentatus, Larus oregonus n. sp., "Sterna ? elegans" = Thalasseus elegans, "Larus philadelphia" = Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Sterna ? forsteri Nuttall 1834 Foster's tern
"Hydrochelidon nigra" = Chlidonias niger Linnaeus 1758 black tern
subspecies surinamensis
Xema sabini Sabine 1819 Sabine's gull
Larus robustus n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 gull
Larus argentatus Pontoppidan 1763 herring gull
subspecies smithsonianus
Larus oregonus n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 gull
"Sterna ? elegans" = Thalasseus elegans Gambel 1849 elegant tern
"Larus philadelphia" = Chroicocephalus philadelphia Ord 1815 Bonaparte's gull
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Phalaropus lobatus Linnaeus 1758 red-necked phalarope
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo virginianus Gmelin 1788 great horned owl
 Passeriformes - Icteridae
"Scolecophagus affinis n. sp." = Euphagus affinis
"Scolecophagus affinis n. sp." = Euphagus affinis Shufeldt 1891 blackbird
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus annectens n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 crow
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Fulica americana Gmelin 1789 American coot
"Fulica minor n. sp." = Fulica americana shufeldti Brodkorb 1964 American coot
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Aechmophorus occidentalis, Podilymbus podiceps, "Colymbus holbellii" = Podiceps grisegena holbollii, "Colymbus nigricollis" = Podiceps nigricollis, "Colymbus ? auritus" = Podiceps auritus
Aechmophorus occidentalis Lawrence 1858 western grebe
Podilymbus podiceps Linnaeus 1758 pied-billed grebe
"Colymbus holbellii" = Podiceps grisegena holbollii Reinhardt 1854 red-necked grebe
"Colymbus nigricollis" = Podiceps nigricollis Brehm 1831 black-necked grebe
subspecies californicus
"Colymbus ? auritus" = Podiceps auritus Linnaeus 1758 horned grebe
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
Ardea paloccidentalis n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 heron
 Pelecaniformes - Pelecanidae
"Pelecanus ? erythrorhynchus" = Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
"Pelecanus ? erythrorhynchus" = Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Gmelin 1789 American white pelican
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
"Palaeotetrix gillii n. gen. n. sp." = Dendragapus gilli, "Pedioecetes lucasii n. sp." = Tympanuchus, "Pedioecetes nanus n. sp." = Pediocaetes nanus, "Pedioecetes phasianellus" = Tympanuchus phasianellus, Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
"Palaeotetrix gillii n. gen. n. sp." = Dendragapus gilli Shufeldt 1891 pheasant
"Pedioecetes lucasii n. sp." = Tympanuchus pheasant
"Pedioecetes nanus n. sp." = Pediocaetes nanus Shufeldt 1891 pheasant
"Pedioecetes phasianellus" = Tympanuchus phasianellus Linnaeus 1758 sharp-tailed grouse
subspecies columbianus
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus Ridgway 1873 lesser prairie chicken
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
"Anas americana" = Mareca americana, Aix sponsa, "Chen hyperborea" = Anser caerulescens, Anser condoni n. sp., Anser albifrons, Branta hypsibatus, Branta propinqua n. sp., Branta canadensis, "Olor paloregonus" = Cygnus paloregonus, "Anas discors" = Spatula discors, "Anas ? cyanoptera" = Spatula cyanoptera, Spatula clypeata, "Glaucionetta islandica" = Bucephala islandica, Lophodytes cucullatus, Clangula hyemalis, Aythya marila, "Anas boschas" = Anas platyrhynchos, "Anas carolinensis" = Anas crecca carolinensis, "Dafila acuta" = Anas acuta
"Anas americana" = Mareca americana Gmelin 1789 American wigeon
Aix sponsa Linnaeus 1758 wood duck
"Chen hyperborea" = Anser caerulescens Linnaeus 1758 snow goose
Anser condoni n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 goose
Anser albifrons Scopoli 1769 greater white-fronted goose
subspecies gambelii
Branta propinqua n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 goose
Branta canadensis Linnaeus 1758 Canada goose
"Olor paloregonus" = Cygnus paloregonus Cope 1878 swan
"Anas discors" = Spatula discors Linnaeus 1766 blue-winged teal
"Anas ? cyanoptera" = Spatula cyanoptera Viellot 1816 cinnamon teal
Spatula clypeata Linnaeus 1758 northern shoveler
"Glaucionetta islandica" = Bucephala islandica Gmelin 1789 Barrow's goldeneye
Lophodytes cucullatus Linnaeus 1758 hooded merganser
Clangula hyemalis Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed duck
Aythya marila Linnaeus 1761 greater scaup
subspecies ? nearctica
"Anas boschas" = Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus 1758 mallard
"Anas carolinensis" = Anas crecca carolinensis Gmelin 1789 green-winged teal
"Dafila acuta" = Anas acuta Linnaeus 1758 northern pintail
 Phoenicopteriformes - Phoenicopteridae
Phoenicopterus copei n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 flamingo
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Aquila sodalis n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 eagle
Aquila pliogryps n. sp. Shufeldt 1891 eagle
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax macropus Cope 1878 cormorant