Candelaria (TMM 31281) (Eocene of the United States)

Where: Presidio County, Texas (29.9° N, 104.2° W: paleocoordinates 32.3° N, 94.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: lower sorted facies Member (Colmena Tuff Formation), Uintan (46.2 - 40.4 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Primary reference: J. A. Wilson. 1977. Texas Memorial Museum Bulletin 25 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

PaleoDB collection 16534: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 26.07.1994, edited by Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• lower 50 ft of unit
whole rock KA date of 40.0 (= 41.2) +/- 2 Ma for the Gill Breccia, which underlies the Colmena Tuff, was selected from three wildly discordant dates on a priori grounds by Wilson and therefore should not be used, although it is repeated by Prothero 1996b
taxa of uncertain provenance from the lower Candelaria: Didelphidae indet. ("? Peratherium sp.") Prolapsus sp.
  - Helminthoglyptidae
Lysinoe breedlovei2 Roth 1984 snail
 Primates - Omomyidae
Macrotarsius sp.3 Clark 1941 tarsier
 Rodentia - Ischyromyidae
Pseudotomus johanniculi1 Wood 1974 rodent
 Perissodactyla - Brontotheriidae
Brontotheriidae indet.1 Marsh 1873 brontothere
 Perissodactyla - Amynodontidae
Metamynodon cf. mckinneyi5 Wilson and Schiebout 1981 odd-toed ungulate
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Plesiocolopirus cf. hancocki6 Radinsky 1963 tapir
Heteraletes cf. leotanus1 Peterson 1932 tapir
 Ungulata - Agriochoeridae
Protoreodon petersoni4 Gazin 1955 agriochoerid
Protoreodon pumilus4 Marsh 1875 agriochoerid
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Toromeryx marginensis n. sp. Wilson 1974 protoceratid
reported as from "TMM 31218" by Wilson 1974: definitely a lapsus for TMM 31281