Geiseltal, Mittelkohle, Zone III (Middlecoal, zone III) (Eocene of Germany)

Where: Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany (51.3° N, 12.0° E: paleocoordinates 48.3° N, 7.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Lutetian (47.8 - 41.3 Ma)

• Age: Middle Lutetian

•Franzen & Haubold: upper Middle Eocene

Environment/lithology: lacustrine; lignite

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: adpression, soft parts

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: H. Haubold. 1982. Zur Stellung der Wirbeltierfauna des Geiseltals, insbesondere der Mammalier, im europäischen Mitteleozän (Position of the European Middle Eocene vertebrate fauna of the Geisel Valley, with special focus on mammals). Zeitschrift für geologische Wissenschaften 10(12):1539-1551 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 13322: authorized by John Hunter, entered by John Hunter on 20.02.2002, edited by Susanna Kümmell, Jered Karr, David Nicholson and Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Eocarthartes robustus: not a vulturid
unclassified
  -
Insecta
 Orthoptera - Acrididae
Acrididae indet.15 Latreille 1802 short-horned grasshopper
Actinopteri
 Salmoniformes -
 Perciformes -
Amphiperca siebergi n. sp.12 perch-like fish
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
"Amia kehreri" = Cyclurus kehreri12
"Amia kehreri" = Cyclurus kehreri12 Andreae 1893 bowfin
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Eopelobates hinschei n. sp. spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana carbonicola n. sp. frog
 Proteida - Batrachosauroididae
Palaeoproteus klatti n. sp. Herre 1935 salamander
 Caudata - Urodela
Tylototriton weigelti n. sp. Herre 1935 crocodile salamander
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx hilberi Hoernes 1892 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Geochelone eocaenica n. sp. turtle
 Testudines -
"Chrysemys germanica n. sp." = Borkenia germanica, "Ocadia germanica n. sp." = Borkenia germanica10
"Chrysemys germanica n. sp." = Borkenia germanica Hummel 1935 turtle
"Ocadia germanica n. sp." = Borkenia germanica10 Hummel 1935 turtle
GM-MLU Leo-100 (LeoI/6977)
Aves
 Ciconiiformes -
Eocathartes robustus3 Lambrecht 1935 bird
 Ornithurae - Palaeotididae
Palaeotis weigelti n. sp. Lambrecht 1928 bird
Reptilia
 Crocodylia -
Asiatosuchus germanicus Berg 1966 crocodilian
Diplocynodon hallense n. sp. crocodilian
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Allognathosuchus weigelti n. sp. crocodilian
 Crocodylia - Planocraniidae
"Boverisuchus magnifrons n. gen. n. sp." = Boverisuchus magnifrons1, "Weigeltisuchus geiseltalensis n. gen. n. sp." = Boverisuchus magnifrons1
"Boverisuchus magnifrons n. gen. n. sp." = Boverisuchus magnifrons1 Kuhn 1938 crocodilian
Type - GM specimens
"Weigeltisuchus geiseltalensis n. gen. n. sp." = Boverisuchus magnifrons1 Kuhn 1938 crocodilian
Type - GM specimens
 Squamata - Necrosauridae
Necrosaurus giganteus n. sp.9 squamates
 Squamata - Anguidae
"Xestops weigelti n. sp." = Placosauriops weigelti, "Placosauroides abderhaldeni" = Placosauriops weigelti9, Glyptosaurus sp., Placosaurus waltheri9, "Ophisaurus hallensis n. sp." = Ophisauriscus quadrupes9, Ophisaurus gracilis n. sp.9, ? Ophisaurus voigti9
"Xestops weigelti n. sp." = Placosauriops weigelti Kuhn 1940 squamates
"Placosauroides abderhaldeni" = Placosauriops weigelti9 Kuhn 1940 squamates
Glyptosaurus sp. Marsh 1871 squamates
Placosaurus waltheri9 Weigelt 1929 squamates
"Ophisaurus hallensis n. sp." = Ophisauriscus quadrupes9 Kühn 1940 squamates
Ophisaurus gracilis n. sp.9 glass lizard
? Ophisaurus voigti9 glass lizard
 Squamata -
"Eolacerta robusta n. sp." = Eolacerta robusta9, "Iguanosauriscus haupti n. sp." = Eolacerta robusta9
"Eolacerta robusta n. sp." = Eolacerta robusta9 Nöth 1940 squamates
"Iguanosauriscus haupti n. sp." = Eolacerta robusta9 Nöth 1940 squamates
 Squamata - Aniliidae
Aniliidae indet. Fitzinger 1826 pipe snake
 Squamata - Boidae
 Squamata - Colubridae
cf. Colubridae indet. Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
Mammalia
 Primates - Omomyidae
"Nannopithex raabi n. sp." = Vectipithex raabi
"Nannopithex raabi n. sp." = Vectipithex raabi Heller 1930 tarsier
 Primates -
Microtarsioides voigti n. sp. primate
Ceciliolemur delasaucei n. sp. primate
it is written: "Ceciliolemur de la saucei"
 Primates - Notharctidae
 Primates - Adapidae
Protoadapis klatti n. sp. primate
 Rodentia - Ischyromyidae
Ailuravus picteti Rütimeyer 1891 rodent
 Perissodactyla - Lophiodontidae
Lophiodon cuvieri4 Filhol 1888 odd-toed ungulate
Lophiodon remensis6 Lemoine 1878 odd-toed ungulate
? Lophiodon tapirotherium Desmarest 1822 odd-toed ungulate
Rhinocerolophiodon buxovillanum5 Cuvier 1812 odd-toed ungulate
 Perissodactyla - Hyrachyidae
"Hyrachyus minimus" = Hyrachyus, "Chasmotherium minimum" = Hyrachyus4
"Hyrachyus minimus" = Hyrachyus odd-toed ungulate
"Chasmotherium minimum" = Hyrachyus4 odd-toed ungulate
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Propalaeotherium parvulum" = Eurohippus parvulus14, "Propalaeotherium parvulum" = Eurohippus parvulus7
"Propalaeotherium parvulum" = Eurohippus parvulus14 Laurillard 1849 horse
"Propalaeotherium parvulum" = Eurohippus parvulus7 Laurillard 1849 horse
 Perissodactyla - Palaeotheriidae
Propalaeotherium voigti7, Propalaeotherium hassiacum7, "Propalaeotherium isselanum" = Palaeotherium isselanum14, "Propalaeotherium isselanum" = Palaeotherium isselanum7
Propalaeotherium voigti7 Matthes 1977 odd-toed ungulate
Propalaeotherium hassiacum7 Haupt 1925 odd-toed ungulate
"Propalaeotherium isselanum" = Palaeotherium isselanum14 Cuvier 1824 odd-toed ungulate
"Propalaeotherium isselanum" = Palaeotherium isselanum7 Cuvier 1824 odd-toed ungulate
 Chiroptera - Archaeonycteridae
Cecilionycteris prisca n. sp. Heller 1935 bat
 Ferae -
Quercygale helvetica Rutimeyer 1882 placental
this occurence is in brackets
 Tribosphenida - Pseudorhyncocyonidae
Leptictidium listeri n. sp.11 Hooker 2013 placental
 Ungulata - Paroxyclaenidae
Pugiodens mirus n. sp.13
Pugiodens mirus n. sp.13 Matthes 1952 eutherian
 Ungulata - Homacodontidae
"Lophiotherium pygmaeum" = Antiacodon pygmaeus7
"Lophiotherium pygmaeum" = Antiacodon pygmaeus7 Cope 1872 even-toed ungulate
 Ungulata - Dichobunidae
Messelobunodon ceciliensis n. sp.8 Franzen and Krumbiegel 1980 even-toed ungulate
Buxobune sp. Sudre 1978 even-toed ungulate
 Ungulata - Choeropotamidae
Haplobunodon cf. muelleri Rutimeyer 1862 even-toed ungulate
Rhagatherium cf. kowalevskyi Stehlin 1908 even-toed ungulate
Anthracobunodon weigelti n. sp. even-toed ungulate
 Insectivora - Apatemyidae
Heterohyus heufelderi n. sp. insectivoran
 Hyaenodonta - Hyaenodontidae
Prodissopsalis eocaenicus13 Matthes 1952 eutherian
this occurence is in brackets
 Hyaenodonta -
Proviverra typica2 Rütimeyer 1862 eutherian
 Theriiformes - Herpetotheriidae
Peratherium giselense n. sp. Heller 1936 marsupial